hydrolytic


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to hydrolytic: Hydrolytic enzyme

hy·dro·lyt·ic

(hī'drō-lit'ik),
Referring to or causing hydrolysis.

hydrolytic

[-lit′ik]
Etymology: Gk, hydor, water, lysis, loosening
pertaining to or having the ability to produce hydrolysis.

hy·dro·lyt·ic

(hī'drō-lit'ik)
Referring to or causing hydrolysis.

hydrolysis

(hi-drol'i-sis) [? + lysis, dissolution]
Any reaction in which water is one of the reactants, more specifically the combination of water with a salt to produce an acid and a base, one of which is more dissociated than the other. It involves a chemical decomposition in which a substance is split into simpler compounds by the addition or the taking up of the elements of water. This kind of reaction occurs extremely frequently in life processes. The conversion of starch to maltose, of fat to glycerol and fatty acid, and of protein to amino acids are examples of hydrolysis, as are other reactions involved in digestion. A simple example is the reaction in which the hydrolysis of ethyl acetate yields acetic acid and ethyl alcohol: C2H5C2H3O2 + H2O = CH3COOH + C2H5OH. Usually such reactions are reversible; the reversed reaction is called esterification, condensation, or dehydration synthesis.
See: assimilation; enzymehydrolytic (-dro-lit'ik), adjective
References in periodicals archive ?
Incorporation of this monomer into polymers, pre-polymers, and low molecular weight compounds is expected to impart low surface tension, better dispersion and miscibility, high crystallinity, low moisture pick-up, high optical transparency, low dielectric constant, and increased hydrolytic stability over shorter-chain, more common diacids.
The morphology of the surface of neal PLLA and ils nanocomposites before and afler hydrolytic degradation was observed using a field emission scanning electron microscopy (XL30 ESEM FEG.
201 Ob) were investigated for hydrolytic enzyme secretions and hyphal formation.
Based on the results obtained from the analysis of extra-cellular enzymes it was found that the isolated bacteria have high variety hydrolytic enzyme activity.
Hydrolytic stabilities of the PUU film were tested in water for 72 h at 60[degrees]C.
For a high-humidity application that degrades conventional PET yarns via hydrolysis or dry-heat degradation, we can substitute yarns that are resistant or even impervious to conventional hydrolytic conditions.
Because other investigators have defined the hydrolytic spectrum of the NmcA enzyme, we have not established whether the NmcA enzyme was solely responsible for the carbapenem resistance in our isolate (11,13).
When the mycelium, the body of a fungus, secretes hydrolytic enzymes, its electrical conductivity should increase.
These patents are part of P&G's "Nodax" portfolio, which has an attractive set of end use properties including rapid anaerobic and aerobic degradability and alkaline digestibility for unique and easy disposal; high temperature hydrolytic stability, good odor and oxygen barrier; ideal surface properties for printability and hydrophilic/wicking.
Treatments should overcome problems experienced using conventional sanitizing processes, for example by targeting treatment to microbial attachment sites in fruits and vegetables and by treating products with surfactants, antimicrobial agents, hydrolytic enzymes and sonication.
Enzymes from the three species Pseudomonas fluorescens, Pseudomonas clororaphis, and Comamonas acidovarans have been isolated and show hydrolytic activity.