hydrolytic


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Related to hydrolytic: Hydrolytic enzyme

hy·dro·lyt·ic

(hī'drō-lit'ik),
Referring to or causing hydrolysis.

hydrolytic

[-lit′ik]
Etymology: Gk, hydor, water, lysis, loosening
pertaining to or having the ability to produce hydrolysis.

hy·dro·lyt·ic

(hī'drō-lit'ik)
Referring to or causing hydrolysis.

hydrolysis

(hi-drol'i-sis) [? + lysis, dissolution]
Any reaction in which water is one of the reactants, more specifically the combination of water with a salt to produce an acid and a base, one of which is more dissociated than the other. It involves a chemical decomposition in which a substance is split into simpler compounds by the addition or the taking up of the elements of water. This kind of reaction occurs extremely frequently in life processes. The conversion of starch to maltose, of fat to glycerol and fatty acid, and of protein to amino acids are examples of hydrolysis, as are other reactions involved in digestion. A simple example is the reaction in which the hydrolysis of ethyl acetate yields acetic acid and ethyl alcohol: C2H5C2H3O2 + H2O = CH3COOH + C2H5OH. Usually such reactions are reversible; the reversed reaction is called esterification, condensation, or dehydration synthesis.
See: assimilation; enzymehydrolytic (-dro-lit'ik), adjective
References in periodicals archive ?
The secretion of hydrolytic enzymes is a well-known factor that facilitates the invasion of pathogenic fungi (dermatophytes, yeast-like fungi, mold) into the tissues.
Hygroscopic and hydrolytic effects in dental polymer networks.
Hydrolytic degradation tests were carried out as follows: The PU chips were prepared by mixing the poly(ether ester) polyols with N3390 as the ratio of functional groups ([NCO]:[OH] = 1:1), respectively.
When C18 diacid is incorporated into polar polymers--such as polyamides, polyesters and polyurethanes--the resulting polymers are expected to have high-temperature performance in high-humidity environments and exhibit better hydrolytic stability.
The influences of in situ formed stereocomplex crystals during melt processing on the morphology, crystallization, mechanical properties, and hydrolytic degradation of PLLA/ clay nanocomposites were studied in detail with various techniques.
Major determinants of virulence are dimorphic switching (Yang, 2003), secretion of hydrolytic enzymes such as proteinases and phospholipases.
Although all serum PON1 hydrolytic activity in QQ homozygotes is of the Q isoenzyme type and all in RR homozygotes is of the R isoenzyme type, no method has been described for determining the relative amounts of each isoenzyme in QR heterozygotes.
studied included production of extracellular hydrolytic enzymes (phospholipase, proteinase and coagulase) and haemolysin.
Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), however, can form a miscible alloy with PEA that delivers improved thermal and hydrolytic stability, as well as transparency.
Most of aquatic bacteria are a source of hydrolytic enzymes such as amylases, DNases, lipases, proteases, pullulanases and other important industrial enzymes.
3 MPa), and the best hydrolytic stability across all PUU films studied.