hyaline degeneration


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Related to hyaline degeneration: Crooke's hyaline degeneration

degeneration

 [de-gen″ĕ-ra´shun]
deterioration; change from a higher to a lower form, especially change of tissue to a lower or less functionally active form. When there is chemical change of the tissue itself, it is true degeneration; when the change consists in the deposit of abnormal matter in the tissues, it is infiltration. adj., adj degen´erative.
caseous degeneration caseation (def. 2).
cerebromacular degeneration (cerebroretinal degeneration)
1. degeneration of brain cells and of the macula retinae, as occurs in tay-sachs disease.
2. any lipidosis with cerebral lesions and degeneration of the retinal macula.
colloid degeneration degeneration with conversion of the tissues into a gelatinous or gumlike material.
cystic degeneration degeneration with formation of cysts.
fatty degeneration deposit of fat globules in a tissue.
fibroid degeneration degeneration of a leiomyoma with subsequent fibrosis.
hepatolenticular degeneration Wilson's disease.
hyaline degeneration a regressive change in cells in which the cytoplasm takes on a homogeneous, glassy appearance; also used loosely to describe the histologic appearance of tissues.
hydropic degeneration a form in which the epithelial cells absorb much water.
lattice degeneration of retina a frequently bilateral, usually benign asymptomatic condition, characterized by patches of fine gray or white lines that intersect at irregular intervals in the peripheral retina, usually associated with numerous, round, punched-out areas of retinal thinning or retinal holes.
macular degeneration see macular degeneration.
macular degeneration, congenital see stargardt's disease.
macular degeneration, Stargardt's stargardt's disease.
mucoid degeneration degeneration with deposit of myelin and lecithin in the cells.
mucous degeneration degeneration with accumulation of mucus in epithelial tissues.
myofibrillar degeneration damage to selective cardiac cells when surrounding interstitial cells, nerves, and capillaries remain viable.
myxomatous degeneration mucous degeneration.
spongy degeneration of central nervous system (spongy degeneration of white matter) Canavan disease.
subacute combined degeneration of spinal cord degeneration of both the posterior and lateral columns of the spinal cord, producing various motor and sensory disturbances; it is due to vitamin B12 deficiency and is usually associated with pernicious anemia. Called also Lichtheim's or Putnam-Dana syndrome.
wallerian degeneration fatty degeneration of a nerve fiber that has been severed from its nutritive source.
Zenker's degeneration Zenker's necrosis.

hy·a·line de·gen·er·a·tion

a group of several degenerative processes that affect various cells and tissues, resulting in the formation of rounded masses ("droplets") or relatively broad bands of substances that are homogeneous, translucent, refractile, and moderately to deeply acidophilic; may occur in the collagen of old fibrous tissue, smooth muscle of arterioles or the uterus, and as droplets in parenchymal cells.

hy·a·line de·gen·er·a·tion

(hī'ă-lēn dĕ-jen'ĕr-ā'shŭn)
A group of degenerative processes that affect various cells and tissues, resulting in rounded masses ("droplets") or broad bands of substances that are homogeneous, translucent, refractile, and acidophilic; may occur in the collagen of old fibrous tissue, smooth muscle of arterioles or the uterus, and as droplets in parenchymal cells.

degeneration

deterioration; change from a higher to a lower form, especially change of tissue to a lower or less functionally active form. When there is chemical change of the tissue itself it is true degeneration; when the change consists in the deposit of abnormal matter in the tissues, it is infiltration. See also wallerian degeneration, Zenker's necrosis.

albuminoid degeneration
cloudy swelling, an early stage of degenerative change characterized by swollen, parboiled-appearing tissues which revert to normal when the cause is removed.
ballooning degeneration
swelling of the cytoplasm in epidermal cells without vacuolization, enlarged or condensed nuclei and acantholysis. A characteristic of viral infections of the skin. Called also koilocytosis.
caseous degeneration
colloid degeneration
degeneration with conversion of the tissues into a gelatinous or gumlike material.
cystic degeneration
degeneration with formation of cysts.
fatty degeneration
deposit of fat globules in a tissue.
feathery degeneration
said of hepatocytes; a hydropic change in hepatocytes which have suffered long-term exposure to cholestasis.
fibrinoid degeneration
deposition or replacement with eosinophilic fibrillar or granular substance resembling fibrin.
fibroid degeneration
degeneration into fibrous tissue.
hyaline degeneration
a regressive change in cells in which the cytoplasm takes on a homogeneous, glassy appearance; also used loosely to describe the histological appearance of tissues. Called also hyalinosis.
hydropic degeneration
see hydropic degeneration.
macular degeneration
degenerative changes in the macula retinae.
mucoid degeneration
degeneration with increased mucin which can be epithelial or mesenchymal in origin.
mucous degeneration
degeneration with accumulation of mucus in epithelial tissues. Called also myxomatous degeneration.
myxomatous degeneration
see mucous degeneration (above).
reticular degeneration
extreme intracellular edema of epidermal cells, resulting in rupture and multilocular intraepidermal vesicles with septae formed by the remaining cell walls. Seen in acute inflammatory dermatoses.
spongy degeneration
on microscopic examination has the physical appearance of a sponge. Usually applied to tissue of the central nervous system, caused by the loss of myelin.

hyaline

glassy; pellucid.

hyaline body
hyaline cartilage
see hyaline cartilage.
hyaline cast
see urinary cast.
hyaline degeneration
see hyaline degeneration.
hyaline globules
composed of fibrin degradation products these contribute to the formation of microthrombi. Called also shock bodies.
hyaline membrane
composed of fibrin and cell debris, this membrane lines the alveoli when there has been severe damage to the alveolar epithelium. See also hyaline membrane (3).
hyaline membrane disease
a disorder of newborn animals, most commonly foals, characterized by the formation of a hyalin-like membrane lining the terminal respiratory passages. Neonates with this disease do not secrete adequate quantities of surfactant, which is secreted by type II alveolar epithelial cells, and decreases the surface tension of the fluids lining the alveoli and bronchioles. When the surface tension is kept low, air can pass through the fluids and into the alveoli. If the surface tension is not decreased by adequate supplies of surfactant, the alveoli cannot fill with air and there is partial or complete collapse of the lung (atelectasis). Thus the foal with hyaline membrane disease suffers from respiratory embarrassment with severe dyspnea. See also neonatal maladjustment syndrome.

Patient discussion about hyaline degeneration

Q. HYALINE MEMBRANE DISEASE in pre-mature infants;what are the causes of it in pregnant women?

A. the cause of Hyaline Membrane disease is pre-mature birth. while the fetus develop, about in the 29th week a substance called surfactant is created in the lungs. this substance's function is to change the surface tension of the fluid in the lungs- therefore decreasing it's force. the surface tension tends to shrink the lungs and can cause the lungs to collapse. so a premature baby wouldn't be able to breath properly.

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