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The hospitalists professional society, The National Association of Inpatient Physicians (NAIP), has defined hospitalist as a physician whose primary professional focus (clinical, teaching, research, or administration) is general inpatient care. A hospitalist may be an employee of a hospital or HMO, a contractor, or a private practitioner. About 75% of hospitalists are general internists. Hospital-based primary care physicians free general practitioners from the need to make daily rounds to visit hospitalized patients. Several studies have shown significant decreases in hospital costs and in length of hospital stays under the hospitalist system, with no decline in quality of care or patient satisfaction. Some academic medical centers have adopted hospitalist models for inpatient care and teaching.
Pros Increased efficiency in patient management, decreased hospital stay
Cons Decreased personalised physician-patient contact
hospitalistHospital practice A physician specialized in inpatient medicine who acts as a Pt's primary doctor while the Pt is hospitalized, ensuring that tests are evaluated in a more timely manner than possible for private physicians Pros ↑ Management efficiency, ↓ hospital stay Cons ↓ Personalized physician-patient contact. See Hospital-based physician.
Synonym(s): hospital-based physician.