Diets of female eastern pipistrelles consisted predominantly of Homopterans and Coleopterans (ca.
Unlike previous research, we found that the diet of female and male eastern pipistrelles predominately consisted of Homopterans and Dipterans, respectively (Table I).
Although land-use changes that decrease the abundance of "forgeable sized" Coleopterans, Dipterans, Homopterans, or Lepidopterans may affect the diet of eastern pipistrelles, the species probably would be able to simply increase the foraging pressure on other orders.
My numerous observations of orthopterans and homopterans
jumping for several minutes with a spider on their backs before they became paralyzed, support this assumption.
In that study, important foods included beetles (Scarabaeidae, Chrysomelidae--spotted cucumber beetle, Carabidae, and unidentified Coleoptera), hemipterans (a green Pentatomidae--stinkbug, Acrosternon hilare), hymenopterans (Formicidae and Ichneumonidae), homopterans
(Cicadellidae), and lepidopterans.
All Homoptera are herbivorous, and many homopterans
feed on phloem which is high in water and carbohydrates but low in other nutrients including N.
Most homopterans on branches were Cicadellidae followed by Aphididae.
Cicadellidae were the most abundant homopterans in traps, similar to branches, but Delphacidae, Membracidae, and Aphididae also were captured.
They are generally predators, although some also feed on sugary nectars, fruit, and the secretions of certain homopterans
The diet of Brachymyrmex patagonicus is thought to consist largely of honeydew from various insects, especially subterranean homopterans
(Dash et al.
Their populations can reach astronomical proportions, as for example, in a citrus grove in San Diego County, California, it was estimated that from 50,000 to 600,000 ants ascended each tree daily in order to tend homopterans (Markin 1967).
Argentine ants tend a variety of homopterans in citrus including the citrus mealybug, Planococcus citri Risso, spirea aphid, Aphis spiraecola Patch, wooly whitefly, Aleurothrixus floccossus (Maskell), and brown and black soft scales, Coccus hesperidum L.