The current study indicated that the absence of a stylet does not impair specimen quality or diagnostic efficiency in EBUS-TBNA sampling of mediastinal or hilar lymph nodes
, as previously reported for similar endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration procedures (14-16).
The MRI of chest, abdomen, and pelvis again demonstrated lymphadenopathy, including enlarged hilar lymph nodes
, large volume abdominal ascites, omental caking and multiple enhancing nodules along the peritoneal lining (Figure 4).
The Japanese Gastric Cancer Association (7) recommended simultaneous splenectomy during total gastrectomy to facilitate removal of splenic hilar lymph nodes
in advanced gastric cancer involving the upper third of the stomach.
5,8) A broncholith should be suspected in the presence of calcified hilar lymph nodes
when associated with recurrent pneumonia.
The endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) was initially developed for lymph node staging of lung cancer, which allowed real-time biopsy of the mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes
The computed tomography scan revealed a large amount of pleural effusion on the right side and enlargement of mediastinal lymph nodes and right hilar lymph nodes
5-8] Involvement of retroperitoneal and hilar lymph nodes
in our study was found to be a sign of opportunistic infection.
Real-time endobronchial ultrasoundguided transbronchial needle aspiration of mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes
In our case there were 2 lesions in liver, unilateral lesion in lung, a bulk in left hilar region and an involvement in hilar lymph nodes
Should hilar lymph nodes
be expected in radical nephrectomy specimens?
Chest radiography showed enlarged hilar lymph nodes
in the mediastinum (Fig.
17) Some studies adopt the notion that any visible mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes
on CT are abnormal in children.