hexosamine


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hexosamine

 [hek´sōs-am″in]
a nitrogenous sugar in which an amino group replaces a hydroxyl group.

hex·os·a·mine

(hek-sō-sam'ēn), Although this word is correctly stressed on the second-last syllable, U.S. usage often stresses it on the last syllable.
The amine derivative (NH2 replacing OH) of a hexose, for example, glucosamine.

hexosamine

/hex·os·amine/ (hek-sōs´ah-mēn) any of a class of hexoses in which the hydroxyl group is replaced by an amino group.

hex·os·a·mine

(heks-ōs'ă-mēn)
The amine derivative (NH2 replacing OH) of a hexose (e.g., glucosamine).

hex·os·a·mine

(heks-ōs'ă-mēn)
The amine derivative of a hexose.

hexosamine (heksō´səmēn),

n the amine derivative (NH2 replacing OH) of a hexose such as glucosamine.

hexosamine

a nitrogenous sugar in which an amino group replaces a hydroxyl group.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hyperglycemia induces PAI-1 gene expression in adipose tissue by activation of the hexosamine biosynthetic pathway.
Palmitate-induced activation of the hexosamine pathway in human myotubes.
16) In addition, alterations in the sorbitol, hexosamine, and protein kinase C pathways are also implicated and are believed to damage Schwann cells, causing neuropathy.
Srivastava, Alkaline phosphatase, total protein, protein bound hexoses and hexosamine changes in serum and wound fluids in surgically induced subcutaneous wounds in buffalo calves, Acta Vet Academiss Scientiarum Hugarica Tonus, 26:268-74 (1976).
Hyperglycemia-mediated activation of the hexosamine biosynthetic pathway results in myocardial apoptosis.
The Collagen, Hyxdroxyproline, Hexosamine and Elastin content of the healing tissue were determined.
The hexosamine pathway regulates the plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 gene promoter and Sp1 transcriptional activation through protein kinase C-[beta]l and -[delta]*.
It has been suggested that the hexosamine biosynthetic pathway is involved in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus because the activity of the rate-limiting enzyme of this pathway, glutamine:fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase (EC 2.
It is well established that glucose can induce insulin resistance of the glucose transport system in adipocytes, through a mechanism that involves increased metabolism of glucose through the hexosamine signaling pathway (Marshall et al.
Regions in which the hexosamine units are acetylated remain (almost) unmodified and consist of disaccharide repeats with GlcA, whereas regions with deacetylated hexosamine units become highly sulfated and exist as disaccharide repeats with iduronate.