Patient's view) showing binocular heteronymous
crossed diplopia with false image higher with upper end tilted towards paralyzed side.
See KANT, supra note 35, at 65 (arguing heteronymous
theories "unfitted to serve as an apodictic rule of action" due to contingency).
An independent or autonomous person is self-determined, whereas the heteronymous
person's will is determined by something outside of the person.
On the contrary, Adorno--rightly, I would argue--suggests that the images have a remainder of un-transfigured, heteronymous
According to the standard bioethical picture, Lara's decision will be autonomous if she makes it herself, on the basis of good information, and it will be heteronymous
and paternalistically co-opted if her doctor makes it for her or takes it out of her hands in some less direct way.
Nowadays, deontology is used as a good resource to replace criticism --in ethical matters-- with programs or regulations determined according to heteronymous
interests, a task which is incompatible with Kantian ethics.
Stages of Cognitive and Moral Development Piaget Kohlberg Stage 1 Heteronymous
morality; Punishment and obedience; Here-and-now immediacy Centering on the or vulnerability to a immediate-attending to pronounced feature of the one feature at a time, Current situation, unidimensional thinking, egocentric or self-centered attending to superficial or surface features Stage 2 Reciprocity as a fact, Instrumental purpose and pragmatic exchanges (tit- exchange; for-tat); Individualism; Moral autonomy; Decentration and growth Concrete decentration.
Leget turns to Thomas Aquinas and finds heteronymous
claims within autonomy particularly in the reflections on the Holy Spirit.
The critical thought of Maryse Conde seeks out the heteronymous
productions we resort to when our autonomy is blocked.
Van der Ven accepts, with some modification, Kohlberg's stage theory of moral development (See Dueck, 1995 for a critique), a model that seems firmly rooted in the trad ition of the Enlightenment with its implicit assumption that religious particularity is heteronymous
In terms of Adorno and Benjamin's notion of constellation (the location of objects in terms of their heteronymous
, fluid, and multiple positionings by force in historical-material space) these utopian tropes work as further configurational situations.
Modern views of shame characterise it as both heteronymous
(because concerned only with the way things appear to others) and egoistical (because concerned only with saving one's own face).