It can even be argued that, in choosing to defend a friend over the same charges that could be directed at his own 'Antinous', Pessoa 'could turn [Botto] into still another heteronym
standing for things he had repressed in himself'--albeit only under the name of Alvaro de Campos.
He is none other than Ricardo Reis, one of Fernando Pessoa's famous heteronyms
who has decided to return to Portugal following the death of his creator in 1935.
The thematic variation provided by the heteronyms
, though less diverse than that of Yeats's manifold Masks, was more consistent, with each heteronym
focusing on a determined set of themes in his poetic corpus, and more far reaching, involving a higher degree of differentiation and autonomy.
The communion, friendship and loving relationships established between Llansol and the voices which populate her texts, who are not really alter egos, but more like heteronyms
, personalities speaking through the author, in her own, and hybrid, foreign, forked tongues, combine to produce a polyphonic, even stereophonic text.
pastoral poetry, the next heteronym
, Ricardo Reis, was a physician
He then progresses to his heteronym
phase that, although deeply imbued in the occult theory of the masks, is a period of the persona, the mask for others.
If I have one oar to dip into the beautiful flow of this book, it is that Pessoa had at least to pretend to an acceptance of the existence of the "self" in order to create his heteronyms
Considered as not only a poetic composition, but also an emotional, mystical and alchemical work, Ode Maritima is investigated by del Pozo Ortea as an inner journey within the fragmented psyche of the Portuguese poet, a journey that, through the voice of his more primordial of heteronyms
, Alvaro de Campos, represents an exploration between human instincts.
At a crucial point, even the master heteronym
Alberto Caeiro speaks from the other side of the mirror and confirms that names are only illusions, when he writes:
Pessoa's minor heteronym
, Antonio Mora, appears to be modelled on a popular conception of Nietzsche, and follows earlier heteronyms
in rejecting Christianity as being against nature, and favouring instead classical paganism.
Sometimes joined by his heteronym
Alvaro de Campos, Pessoa often appears in this "log" in places like the American Bar, where he was a regular "during the liturgical hours of morning drinkers [sic]," much as another celebrated poet, Natalia Correia, "matriarch of the night," held court in more recent times at the Bar Botequim.
The basis of Pessoa's position can be found in two later essays by the heteronym
Alvaro de Campos published in the journal ATHENA in 1924-25, 'O QUE E A METAPHYSICA?