hermaphroditism


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to hermaphroditism: intersex, pseudohermaphroditism

hermaphroditism

 [her-maf´ro-di-tizm″]
presence of both ovarian and testicular tissue and of ambiguous morphologic criteria of sex, a rare condition in human beings. Hermaphroditism is not to be confused with pseudohermaphroditism, in which an individual has only one kind of gonad but has significant secondary sex characters typical of the opposite sex.
bilateral hermaphroditism that in which gonadal tissue typical of both sexes occurs on each side of the body.
false hermaphroditism pseudohermaphroditism.
lateral hermaphroditism presence of gonadal tissue typical of one sex on one side of the body and typical of the other sex on the opposite side.
transverse hermaphroditism that in which the external genital organs are typical of one sex and the gonads typical of the other sex.
true hermaphroditism coexistence in the same person of both ovarian and testicular tissue, with somatic characters typical of both sexes.
unilateral hermaphroditism presence of gonadal tissue typical of both sexes on one side and of only an ovary or a testis on the other.

her·maph·ro·dit·ism

(her-maf'rō-dīt-izm),
The presence in one person of both ovarian and testicular tissue and ambiguous external genitalia; that is, true hermaphroditism.
Synonym(s): hermaphrodism

hermaphroditism

/her·maph·ro·di·tism/ (her-maf´ro-di-tizm″) presence in an individual of both ovarian and testicular tissues and of ambiguous morphologic criteria of sex; see also pseudohermaphroditism. hermaphrodit´ic
bilateral hermaphroditism  that in which gonadal tissue typical of both sexes occurs on each side of the body.
false hermaphroditism  pseudohermaphroditism.
lateral hermaphroditism  presence of gonadal tissue typical of one sex on one side of the body and tissue typical of the other sex on the opposite side.
transverse hermaphroditism  that in which the external genital organs are typical of one sex and the gonads typical of the other sex.
true hermaphroditism  see hermaphroditism.

hermaphroditism

(hər-măf′rə-dī-tĭz′əm) also

hermaphrodism

(-rə-dĭz′əm)
n.
1. The presence of both male and female reproductive organs that is typical of certain plants and animals, as in a monoecious plant or an earthworm.
2. The presence in some humans and in some individuals of other animal species of both male and female reproductive organs and secondary sexual characteristics in the same individual.

hermaphroditism

[hərmaf′rədītiz′əm]
Etymology: Gk, Hermaphroditos, son of Hermes and Aphrodite
a rare condition resulting from a chromosomal abnormality in which both testicular and ovarian tissue exist in the same person. The testicular tissue contains seminiferous tubules or spermatozoa, and the ovarian tissue contains follicles or corpora albicantia. Also called hermaphrodism. Compare pseudohermaphroditism. hermaphroditic, adj.
enlarge picture
Hermaphroditism

hermaphroditism

The state of being a hermaphrodite, i.e., having both male and female gonadal tissue.

hermaphroditism

Intersexuality A state characterized by the presence of both testicular tissue–ie, seminiferous tubules and ovarian tissue–ie, follicular structures in the same organ, yielding an 'ovotestis,' in which the tissues are arranged end-to-end and may be accompanied by a left-sided ovary and a right-sided testis; 60% of Pts are 46 XX, 12% 46 XY, the rest, mosaics Clinical Most true hermaphrodites have asymmetrical external genitalia–eg, labioscrotal folds; phenotypic ♂ may have gynecomastia, phenotypic ♀ may be amenorrheic or have successful gestation; 2.6% develop germ cell tumors. See Female hermaphroditism, Male hermaphroditism. Cf Pseudohermaphroditism.

her·maph·ro·dit·ism

(hĕr-maf'rō-dīt-izm)
The presence in one individual of both ovarian and testicular tissue; i.e., true hermaphroditism.
[G. Hermaphroditos, the son of Hermēs, Mercury, + Aphroditē, Venus]

hermaphroditism

The rare bodily condition in which both male and female reproductive organs are present, often in an ambiguous form. Some hermaphrodites are said to be capable of sexual intercourse with either sex. Most hermaphrodites are raised as males but about half of them menstruate and most develop female breasts. The term derives from the mythical Hermaphroditos, who so inflamed the passions of a young woman called Salmacis that she prayed for total union with him. Her wish was granted and the two were fused into one body.

hermaphroditism

a state characterized by the presence of both ovarian and testicular tissue and of ambiguous morphological criteria of sex. Hermaphroditism is not to be confused with pseudohermaphroditism, in which an individual with only one kind of gonad possesses reproductive organs that reflect some characteristics of the opposite sex, owing to improper balance of male and female hormones or other endocrine disorder.

bilateral hermaphroditism
that in which gonadal tissue typical of both sexes occurs on each side of the body.
false hermaphroditism
pseudohermaphroditism.
lateral hermaphroditism
presence of gonadal tissue typical of one sex on one side of the body and tissue typical of the other sex on the opposite side.
sequential hermaphroditism
synchronous hermaphroditism
transverse hermaphroditism
that in which the external genital organs are typical of one sex and the gonads typical of the other sex.
true hermaphroditism
coexistence in the same animal of both ovarian and testicular tissue, with somatic characters typical of both sexes.
unilateral hermaphroditism
presence of gonadal tissue typical of both sexes on one side and of only an ovary or a testis on the other.
References in periodicals archive ?
This symbolism of the hermaphrodite recalls Michel Foucault's famous description of the birth of the homosexual in the nineteenth century: "Homosexuality appeared as one of the forms of sexuality when it was transposed from the practice of sodomy onto a kind of interior androgyny, a hermaphroditism of the soul" (1990, 43).
4) The underpinning of hermaphroditism is neither coincidental nor incidental in Sanctuary, and its presence signals Faulkner's creative experimentation with it.
But, led by Tia-Lynn Ashman, a plant evolutionary ecologist in the Department of Biological Sciences in Pitt's School of Arts and Sciences, researchers have explained early separate-sex evolution in a wild strawberry species still transitioning from hermaphroditism.
Hermaphroditism permits self-pollination of domestic types, which fixes desirable traits.
The description of Nicolas Hill, On Distinguishing the Sex and Hermaphroditism of Atoms; The same, On their Anatomy, and How to Aid in their Births when they are buried is a mocking reference to Nicholas Hill's (1570-ca.
Since the nineteenth century hermaphroditism was not only understood as a disorder but referred to a problematic type of person--a connection that would prove important in contemporary debates and in our own thinking.
Mistaken Gender: 5-Alpha Reductase Hermaphroditism and Biological Reductionism in Sexual Identity Reconsidered.
When Mademoiselle de Maupin appears as a man, this undecidability translates into hermaphroditism, a sexual "incertitude," at least in d'Albert's eyes: "pour un adorateur exclusive de la forme, y a-t-il une incertitude plus aimable que celle ou vous jette la vue de ce dos, de ces reins douteux, et de ces jarabes si fines et si fortes que l'on ne sait si l'on doit les attribuer Mercure pret a s'envoler ou a Diane sortant du bain?
Interrogating Hermaphroditism in Sixteenth Century Spain.
There are people who are born of one gender but feel they should be of another, and do change their gender; the two scholars also use homosexuality and hermaphroditism to support their view, and that makes sense, too.
This was the genuine minor note, and it was abnormal--a form of hermaphroditism.
Tyrone Hayes and his colleagues at the University of California at Berkeley found that low levels of atrazine cause gonadal and limb abnormalities and hermaphroditism in frogs.