genetic disorder

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genetic disorder

A pathological condition caused by an absent or defective gene or by a chromosomal aberration. Also called hereditary disease.

genetic disorder

ge·net·ic dis·or·der

(jĕ-net'ik dis-ōr'dĕr)
A widely used but nonetheless imprecise term that denotes a condition or illness related to biologic inheritance.

Patient discussion about genetic disorder

Q. what makes Arthritis a genetic disease?

A. First of all, the term arthritis is a bit inaccurate: Arthritis denotes an inflammation of joints. There are many kinds of arthritis that may result from different causes, and therefore, are different diseases: septic arthritis (inflammation due to infection of joint) has much less genetic background than ankylosing spondylitis (an arthritis of the lower back joints that occurs almost exclusively in people with certain genetic background).

The arthritis with the genetic background are usually the autoimmune ones: Due to genetic determinants, the immune system of some people is programmed to recognize the various parts of the joints (and other organs as well) as foreign (i.e. like bacteria) and thus launches an attack on them. In normal immune system, that doesn't happen.

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Q. Is bipolar disease a hereditary problem? My only son is in his teens that is the age to enjoy life, but he cannot enjoy his life with his friends because we found that he is suffering from a bipolar condition. I feel so sad for him and though my care-free days have gone, I often think about how much fun I had at his age. I too suffered from a bipolar disorder and my mom too. Is bipolar disease a hereditary problem? I want him to help to enjoy his life.

A. I agree with you. No one should suffer because of hereditary problems. This is the same situation here as genes are passed from generation to generation. This information is inconclusive because many who may have had bipolar disorders did not have it checked out. Who is to say, how many people 50 years ago had it but dismissed it as being moody, or ill tempered. Doctors were not aware about this problem years ago. Some time back, someone who showed signs of a mental disorder was straight away shoved into a mental hospital and left to suffer. Besides they are often treated with electric shock therapy eventually getting out of control. Testing is still in progress to find out if genetics play a role but these theories may take several more years before they can have a better understanding.

Q. Is FMS heredetery? My mother was diagnosed with FMS and I would like to know what are the chances I’ll have it too.

A. Hereditary is not the right term. It’s not a genetic disease but The cause of fibromyalgia remains elusive. However, recent studies show that genetic factors can predispose individuals to a genetic susceptibility to fibromyalgia.

More discussions about genetic disorder
References in periodicals archive ?
However, Henderson's career was almost short-circuited when she experienced hearing loss--resulting from a hereditary condition called osteosclerosis--during a stint in The King and I.
Shop worker Toni was diagnosed with lupus, a hereditary condition which causes the immune system to attack body, at 17.
Rita Buchan decided to screen the rest of her family after son Jamie, 29, died of the often hereditary condition, cardiomyopathy, when riding his bicycle.
treatment of HAE, a rare hereditary condition characterized by episodes of acute swelling and inflammation that can peripherally affect the extremities (hands, feet, face), the abdominal tract, the genitalia, and in life- threatening cases, the larynx.
Hurler's syndrome is a rare hereditary condition caused by the lack of an enzyme needed to regulate basic cell functions.
LANCASTER - Kevin Mills began losing his hearing at age 8 due to a hereditary condition.
Cowden syndrome is a hereditary condition transmitted in autosomal dominant fashion.
It is not, doctors say, considered to be a hereditary condition.
In other research, an artificial silicon retina has restored partial vision in six patients who had lost their vision to retinitis pigmentosa, a hereditary condition in which the retina gradually degencrates.
They range in age from 45 to 76 years, and all had lost their vision to retinitis pigmentosa, a hereditary condition in which the retina gradually degenerates.
Vidmar reprints a juror's account of a malpractice case, involving a boy with a serious hereditary condition whose operation went awry for reasons that aren't entirely clear.
Though a hereditary condition like an allergy cannot be cured completely, immunotherapy helps people to survive the allergy season in more comfort.

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