hepatorenal syndrome

(redirected from hepatonephric syndrome)
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hepatorenal

 [hep″ah-to-re´nal]
pertaining to the liver and kidneys.
hepatorenal syndrome oliguria and renal failure in a patient with anatomically and morphologically normal kidneys in the presence of liver failure. Prognosis is poor.

hep·a·to·re·nal syn·drome

, hepatonephric syndrome
the occurrence of acute renal failure in people with disease of the liver or biliary tract, apparently due to decreased renal blood flow and conditions that damage both organs, such as carbon tetrachloride poisoning and leptospirosis.

hepatorenal syndrome

n.
A condition in which acute renal failure occurs with disease of the liver or biliary tract.

hepatorenal syndrome

a type of kidney failure characterized by a gradual loss of function without signs of tissue damage. It is associated with hepatitis or cirrhosis of the liver; its exact cause is unknown.

hepatorenal syndrome

Bile nephrosis Hepatology A complication of liver failure characterized by acute renal dysfunction without renal pathology, due to ↓ perfusion, hypovolemia, and hyperaldosteronism, 2º to liver disease–eg, cirrhosis, acute fatty liver, hepatic failure, obstructive jaundice, sepsis, infectious hepatitis Etiology Unclear Clinical ↓/absent urine, jaundice, bloating, delirium, confusion, N&V Prognosis Very poor;13 relentlessly deteriorate. Cf Cirrhotic glomerulonephritis.

hep·a·to·re·nal syn·drome

, hepatonephric syndrome (hep'ă-tō-rē'năl sin'drōm, hĕp'ă-tō-nĕf'rik)
The occurrence of acute renal failure in patients with disease of the liver or biliary tract.

hepatorenal syndrome

A form of kidney failure occurring in CIRRHOSIS of the liver, not because of kidney disease but probably because of greatly diminished blood flow through the kidneys because of renal vasoconstriction. The outlook is very poor unless liver transplantation is performed.