hemispherectomy


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hemispherectomy

 [hem″ĭ-sfēr-ek´to-me]
surgical removal of a cerebral hemisphere; done in intractable epilepsy.

hem·i·spher·ec·to·my

(hem'ē-sfēr-ek'tŏ-mē),
Excision of one cerebral hemisphere; undertaken for malignant tumors, intractable epilepsy usually associated with infantile hemiplegia due to birth injury, and other cerebral conditions.

hemispherectomy

[hem′′i·sfēr·ek′tə·mē]
resection of one hemisphere of the brain, most often performed to treat intractable seizure disorders in children. Although this surgery results in some physical debilitation, such as loss of use of the hand opposite the resected hemisphere and some visual dysfunction, it does not affect cognitive abilities.

hemispherectomy

(hĕm″ĭ-sfĕr-ĕk′tō-mē)
Surgical removal of one hemisphere of the brain; an operation sometimes used to treat severe brain diseases such as refractory epilepsy.
References in periodicals archive ?
Given the severity of James' condition - the right hemisphere of the brain had shrunk and atrophied irrevocably from the seizure activity - the only fix was a hemispherectomy to remove the damaged right half of the brain.
RASMUSSEN'S SYNDROME AND HEMISPHERECTOMY SUPPORT NETWORK
Carson is lauded for major innovations in surgery, including the first intrauterine procedure to relieve pressure on the brain of a hydrocephalic fetal twin, and for resurrecting the procedure for cerebral hemispherectomy (the removal of half the brain) to alleviate uncontrollable seizures, of which he has performed more than 100.
For example, children with a hemispherectomy have difficulty in adapting temporal parameters but not spatial parameters [24].
They also cover hemispherectomy, callosotomy, epilepsy and brain tumors, surgical treatment of cortical dysplasias, reoperations in failed surgeries, alternative procedures, complications, and quality of life.
They present an overview of pediatric epilepsy, then discuss preoperative assessment, neuropsychological assessment, and neuroimaging; surgical approaches and techniques for managing temporal and extratemporal lobe epilepsy, including hemispherectomy, disconnection procedures, neuromodulation, and radiosurgery; outcomes, including surgical failure and reoperation, postoperative seizure control, and neuropsychological and psychosocial outcomes; and recent advances in assessment and imaging.
But the operation - known as a hemispherectomy - could give her the chance to lead a more normal life.
The HCN 1-A cells were derived from cortical tissue removed from a patient undergoing hemispherectomy for intractable seizures.
He is an expert in pediatric congenital spinal deformities, achondroplasia (human dwarfism), and cerebral hemispherectomy, a surgery where half of the brain is removed to help control intractable seizures.
Despite the risk of being left permanently paralysed, Janine had the operation, called a hemispherectomy, because she was so fed up with the fits.
A high-risk operation - known as a hemispherectomy - to remove the entire right side of her brain was their last hope.
For example, swearing, or the use of deistic or taboo words and phrases is common in aphasia following stroke and left hemispherectomy (Van Lancker & Cummings, 1999).