hematuria


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Related to hematuria: Microscopic hematuria

hematuria

 [he″mah-tu´re-ah]
the discharge of blood in the urine, making the urine either slightly blood-tinged, grossly bloody, or a smoky brown color. Microscopic examination of a urine specimen can reveal red blood cells not evident to the naked eye; however, this microscopic hematuria is not always pathognomonic. Gross hematuria that is visible to the naked eye is symptomatic of disease or injury to a part of the urinary system. Bladder tumors, cystitis, urethritis, and small kidney stones passing along the ureter can cause blood in the urine. Vascular diseases, some types of kidney disorders, and (sometimes but not always) traumatic injury to the kidney can also produce hematuria.
Patient Care. Assessment activities include noting and recording the amount of urine and color and the presence or absence of clots and bits of tissue. Moreover, the patient should be asked at what point during urination the blood is noticed. This information can help locate the site of the source of bleeding. If bright red blood is noticed at the onset of urination, it is likely that the problem is somewhere in the urethra. If blood is noticed at the end of urination, the site probably is near the neck of the bladder. Bleeding throughout voiding indicates that blood is coming from a site above the bladder neck and has been well mixed with urine in the bladder before elimination. Blood that has remained in the urinary tract long enough to deteriorate will give the urine a smoky, brownish color.

Additional information includes any pain or burning associated with urination, as well as pain in the region of the bladder or over the kidney. Hematuria not associated with pain is characteristic of neoplasms of the kidney or bladder in the early stages.

False hematuria or pseudohematuria is a reddish color to the urine that is not associated with presence of blood. Patients taking pyrvinium pamoate (Povan) or Pyridium should be told that their urine will have a red, red-brown, or red-orange color, so that they will not think this is hematuria.

he·ma·tu·ri·a

(hē'mă-tyū'rē-ă, hem-ă-),
Presence of blood or red blood cells in the urine.
[hemato- + G. ouron, urine]

hematuria

/he·ma·tu·ria/ (he″mah-tu´re-ah) blood (erythrocytes) in the urine.
endemic hematuria  urinary schistosomiasis.
essential hematuria  that for which no cause has been determined.
false hematuria  pseudohematuria.
renal hematuria  that in which the blood comes from the kidney.
urethral hematuria  that in which the blood comes from the urethra.
vesical hematuria  that in which the blood comes from the bladder.

hematuria

(hĕ′mə-to͝or′ē-ə, -tyo͝or′-)
n.
The presence of blood in the urine.

he′ma·tu′ric adj.

hematuria

[hē′mətoo͡r′ē·ə, hem′-]
Etymology: Gk, haima + ouron, urine
abnormal presence of blood in the urine. It is symptomatic of many renal diseases and disorders of the genitourinary system and is detected by microscopic examination of urine sediment and chemical analysis using a reagent chemical. Also spelled haematuria. -hematuric, adj.

hematuria

Medtalk Blood or RBCs in urine, which is either grossly visible or microscopic; the finding of hematuria requires consideration of the entire urinary tract Diagnosis IVP, cystoscopy, urine cytology Management Directed toward underlying cause. See Benign persistent hematuria, Microscopic hematuria.

he·ma·tu·ri·a

(hē'mă-tyūr'ē-ă)
Any condition in which urine contains blood or red blood cells.
Synonym(s): haematuria.
[hemato- + G. ouron, urine]

Hematuria

Blood in the urine, Hematuria is a hallmark of Alport syndrome.

he·ma·tu·ri·a

(hē'mă-tyūr'ē-ă)
Presence of blood or red blood cells in the urine.
Synonym(s): haematuria.
[hemato- + G. ouron, urine]

hematuria (hē´mətoo´rēə),

n the presence of blood in the urine.
hematuria, gross,
n the visible evidence of blood in the urine. It may occur from neoplasms of the kidney and bladder, hemorrhagic diathesis, hypertension with renal epistaxis, or acute glomerular nephritis.
hematuria, microscopic,
n the demonstration of hematuria during the microscopic examination of centrifuged urine. It may result from the same causes as gross hematuria or from toxicity of drugs, embolic glomerulitis, vascular diseases, or chronic glomerular nephritis.

hematuria

the discharge of blood in the urine. The urine may be slightly blood tinged, grossly bloody, or a smoky brown color.

enzootic hematuria
see enzootic hematuria.
References in periodicals archive ?
Urinary labstix showed microscopic hematuria, automated urinalysis 10 000 red blood cells/mL, few white blood cells, and no eosinophiluria.
TURP was preferable for this patient in light of his severe urinary symptoms, including recurrent urinary retention with associated renal impairment and hematuria related to BPH (AUA, 2014).
El objetivo del estudio fue diagnosticar y describir clinicamente la HVEB a traves de un metodo validado para patologias del aparato urinario como el urianalisis, compuesto por una prueba tamiz por medio de TR, pruebas fisico-quimicas (color, turbidez, peso especifico, pH), pruebas quimicas complementarias (glucosa, proteina, bilirrubina), y la EMS, que pueda ser utilizada como prueba clinica confirmatoria de hematuria y relevante para los casos subclinicos (microhematuria) de la HVEB.
Here we present the case of an elderly patient with uncontrolled DM who has EC, with hematuria being the only symptom.
However, economical analyses reveal that MDCT are most cost-effective in patients with persistent hematuria and normal ultrasonographic findings (4).
Our results suggest that frequency in the arthralgia patient group was similar to previous studies (12/39), while patients with hematuria showed a moderately higher frequency (24/59).
Microscopic hematuria, fall in hemoglobin levels, gross hematuria, hypotension, transfusion, nephrectomy and death were the possible side effects associated with the procedure.
The classic symptoms triad of hematuria, pain, and a flank mass occurred in <20% of patients with RCC while hematuria is present in 30-60%, flank pain and or palpable mass in 15-50%.
Virtually all patients present with gross hematuria, the timing of which is variable: some develop episodic hematuria requiring intermittent transfusion, others demonstrate no clinical signs prior to massive hematuria with hemodynamic instability, and others only present with hematuria at the time of stent exchange [1].
Two days after embolization, the patient presented again with hematuria and on follow-up CT angiography lesion had not completely disappeared.
Among the total of 70 patients, 35 patients were stented with a 5-F, one end closed, 26cm double J stent and 35 patients were not stented and were followed up in the post-operative period and observed for flank pain, urinary frequency, hematuria and fever.
Se describen cuatro categorias de presentacion clinica de la hematuria: 1) hematuria microscopica aislada asintomatica; 2) hematuria microscopica sintomatica; 3) hematuria microscopica asintomatica con proteinuria, y 4) hematuria macroscopica -(14).