heat cramps


Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

heat cramps

muscle spasms induced by severe exertion in intense heat, accompanied by considerable pain; sometimes related to salt deficiency, hyperventilation, or overconsumpstion of alcoholic drinks.
Synonym(s): myalgia thermica

heat stress disease

Critical care A group of conditions due to overexposure to or overexertion in excess environmental temperatures
Heat stress-forms in increasing severity
Heat cramps Non-emergent and treated by salt replacement
Heat exhaustion More serious, treated with fluid and salt replacement
Heat stroke Most commonly affecting extremes of ages, especially the elderly, accompanied by convulsions, delusions, coma and treated by cooling the body and replacement of fluids and salts
Note: The body's reaction to heat is a function of controllable–use of anticholinergics, phenothiazines, alcohol, heavy exercise, clothing, obesity, direct exposure and acclimatization and uncontrollable factors–high ambient temperatures or humidity, lack of air circulation, underlying fever, old age or infancy, ectodermal dysplasia  

heat cramps

(hēt kramps)
Painful muscle spasms resulting from excessive water and electrolyte loss.
See: hyperthermia
See also: dehydration
References in periodicals archive ?
Heat cramps Rest and stretch the involved limb and muscle groups.
According to Department of Health (DOH), exposure to hightemperature can cause heat cramps, heat exhaustion, heat injury, heat stroke and other illnesses.
Exertional heat illness (EHI) is a continuum of illnesses relating to the body's inability to cope with heat during physical exertion which range from minor illnesses like heat cramps to life-threatening syndrome known as exertional heat stroke (EHS).
They were also trained on how to identify symptoms of sunstrokes, and how to properly deal with the same," she said, noting that there are three levels of heat emergencies: heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke, with heat stroke being the most severe and life-threatening.
High temperatures cause the clinical symptoms of heat stroke, heat exhaustion, heat syncope, and heat cramps.
We treat six to eight patients daily with heat cramps and dehydration.
Heat-related illnesses include heat stroke, heat exhaustion, heat cramps, heat edema and fainting.
The disorders resulting from heat exposure are heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heats.
Signs of heat-related problems include heat cramps, a tightness of muscles in the stomach, arms, or legs, as well as extreme thirst, dizziness, weakness, loss of coordination, and nausea.
extra strain on the heart and lungs, dizziness and fainting and heat cramps due to loss of water and salt".
Heat cramps result in abnormal body posture and cause a person to grasp the affected area.