health screening


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screening

 [skrēn´ing]
examination or testing of a group of individuals to separate those who are well from those who have an undiagnosed disease or defect or who are at high risk.
health screening in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as detecting health risks or problems by means of history, examination, and other procedures.
multiphasic screening (multiple screening) that in which various diagnostic procedures are employed during the same screening program.
prescriptive screening that performed for the early detection of disease or disease precursors in apparently well individuals so that health care can be provided early in the course of the disease or before the disease becomes manifest.
screening (omaha) in the omaha system, a target definition in the intervention scheme, denoting individual or group testing procedures, including measurements of vision, hearing, height, weight, development, scoliosis, blood pressure, and other qualities.

health screening1

a program designed to evaluate the health status and potential of an individual. In the process it may be found that a person has a particular disease or condition or is at greater-than-normal risk of its development. Health screening may include taking a personal and family health history and performing a physical examination, tests, laboratory tests, or radiological examination and may be followed by counseling, education, referral, or further testing.

health screening2

a nursing intervention from the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) defined as detecting health risks or problems by means of history, examination, and other procedures. See also Nursing Interventions Classification.

health screen·ing

(helth skrēning)
Tests or examinations done to diagnose a condition before symptoms begin, including physical examinations, Papanicolaou smears, mammograms, colonoscopies, diabetes screening, blood pressure checks, cholesterol screening, osteoporosis screening, prostate cancer screening, among countless other modalities.

screening

(skren'ing)
1. Evaluation of patients for diseases such as cancer, heart disease, or substance abuse before these conditions become clinically obvious. Screening can play an important part in the early diagnosis and management of selected illnesses and in some instances may prolong lives. Synonym: screening test
2. In psychiatry, the initial examination to determine the mental status of a person and the appropriate initial therapy.

cancer screening

A program to detect cancer, esp. before it metastasizes and threatens life or health. Common screening tools include the use of colonoscopy (for cancers of the large intestine), mammography (to detect breast cancer), and the Pap test (for cancers of the uterine cervix).

cholesterol screening

Screening that measures cholesterol levels in asymptomatic people to identify those with high cholesterol (and therefore at risk for cardiovascular disease) so that therapy can be given to lower these levels. See: cholesterol for table

developmental screening

Testing preschool children to identify potential problems in growth, learning ability, or social and emotional development. The tests assess cognition, fine and gross motor skills, language use, behavior, and social interaction. Developmental screening is performed at routine well-child checkups and is used to identify conditions such as autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, developmental coordination disorder, disorders of stature, and mental retardation.

health screening

See: health risk appraisal

high-throughput screening

The testing of the biological or pharmacological properties of molecules by immersion in a large number of chemical baths or cellular systems. It is used, e.g., to determine whether any of a group of chemicals has specific therapeutic actions.

multiphasic screening

A battery of tests to determine the presence of one or more diseases.

newborn screening

The testing of infants in the first days of life for serious illnesses (e.g., congenital deafness, cystic fibrosis, hemoglobinopathies, hypothyroidism, and phenylketonuria).

prenatal screening

Testing of maternal serum, amniotic fluid, or chorionic villi to evaluate the developing fetus for congenital diseases such as Down syndrome or structural heart defects.

universal newborn hearing screening

Abbreviation: UNHS
A public health effort to identify infants born with impaired hearing at the earliest possible age, e.g., before 6 months). UNHS has been implemented to identify those infants whose hearing loss is more than 40 decibels below the mean, i.e., those infants with the greatest risk of impaired speech acquisition in childhood. Children with profound hearing loss are at risk for poor achievement in school and diminished success in work as adults.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fundraisers, speaking engagements, CEU events, health screenings, health fairs, disaster relief efforts, you name it, we want to hear about it and share it
The full report on the impact of health screening on lifestyle change (http://www.
Our occupational health services include: Employment medicals Screening of pre-employment questionnaires Fitness/return to work assessments Long-term sickness reviews and advice Executive screening programmes Night worker medicals Stress counselling Annual health checks Health promotion Health screening Influenza and travel vaccinations
The top concern expressed about mental health screening in the ED was worry about privacy (72% of teens, 63% of adults).
In 2007, INA was presented with a resolution to support TeenScreen for mental health screening in Iowa.
Both screens hold promise as powerful tools for standardizing and increasing the accuracy of initial mental health screening in correctional facilities.
A POTENTIALLY life saving health screening service is being offered free of charge following a major facelift at a chemist's in Harborne High Street.
If implemented, the commission's recommendations would ultimately lead to mandatory mental health screening of all of America's schoolchildren.
A presidential initiative called the "New Freedom Commission on Mental Health" has issued a report recommending forced mental health screening for every child in the U.
As an employee, she participated in CUNA's health screening program in which nurses employed in CUNA's medical department provided physical exams and blood testing.
Phone Jean Whittaker, the hospital's health screening co-ordinator, on 024 7686 5400.
A spokesman explained: "Any health screening that is done, is carried out in the best interests of patients and staff.

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