health belief model


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Related to health belief model: Theory of reasoned action

health belief model

a conceptual framework that describes a person's health behavior as an expression of health beliefs. The model was designed to predict a person's health behavior, including the use of health services, and to justify intervention to alter maladaptive health behavior. Components of the model include the person's own perception of susceptibility to a disease or condition, the perceived likelihood of contracting that disease or condition, the perceived severity of the consequences of contracting the condition or the disease, the perceived benefits of care and barriers to preventive behavior, and the internal or external stimuli that result in appropriate health behavior by the person.

health be·lief mod·el

(helth bĕ-lēf modĕl)
A psychological precept that attempts to explain and predict health behaviors by focusing on the attitudes and beliefs of individual patients.

Health Belief Model

,

HBM

A theory used to explain health-seeking or health-avoiding behavior that is based on the assumption that attitude and belief motivate action. The model proposes that an individual facing health-related decisions weighs: 1. the likelihood that she may be at risk for a disease; 2. the gravity of the disease, were she to succumb to it; 3. the value of making choices that will prevent the illness; 4. the costs or challenges of making those choices. Health-benefiting actions will be taken when: cues/reminders to take that action are delivered to her and she believes that she has the capability to make her efforts count.
References in periodicals archive ?
The study also incorporated the health belief model as a conceptual framework to guide in the identification of factors that influenced the subject's decision to adhere.
A questionnaire study based on the health belief model and the multidimensional locus of control theory.
The public health establishment's reliance on the rational health belief model in responding to the HIV epidemic and the concomitant structural adjustment policies spurred by the debt crises in several developing countries have resulted in an increase in the spread of HIV infection in many marginalized populations.
The Health Belief Model proposes the following theoretical conditions and components: (1) an individual's psychological "readiness to take action" relative to a particular health condition is determined by both the person's perceived "susceptability" or vulnerability to the particular condition, and by his or her perceptions of the "severity" of the consequences of contracting the condition; and (2) an individual's evaluation of the advocated health action in terms of its feasibility and efficacy, weighted against his perceptions of psychological and other "barriers" or "costs" of the proposed action.
The Health Belief Model (HBM) is a theory developed by social psychologists to understand the under-utilization of preventative screenings and approaches that could serve to improve the health of populations (Janz, Champion, & Strecher, 2002).
A review of the use of the health belief model for weight management.
The ways in which women cope with and endure domestic violence should be analysed in terms of the components of the health belief model.
Literature supports the use of a combination of concepts from the Health Belief Model and Theory of Planned Behavior through studies examining adherence behaviors with recommended treatment regimens in chronic illnesses, such as tuberculosis, diabetes, and heart disease, to more completely explain the phenomenon of the performance or nonperformance of a particular target behavior.
The Health Belief Model (HBM) (Janz & Becker, 1984; Rosenstock, Strecher, & Becker, 1988) provides useful elements for examining the determinants of sexual decision-making, especially behavioral aspects of condom use.
Recently Zagumny and Brady (1998) developed and published the AIDS Health Belief Scale (AHBS) to measure the four components of the Health Belief Model (HBM) as they relate to AIDS.
The Health Belief Model posits an individual's perception is the major component in readiness to accept preventive measures.
Findings of this study are discussed from the perspective of the health belief model (Rosenstock, 1974), and suggestions for further research with BTIO are made.

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