(redirected from harmfulness)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


harm or hurt; usually applied to damage inflicted on the body by an external force. Called also trauma and wound.
brain injury impairment of structure or function of the brain, usually as a result of a trauma.
deceleration injury a mechanism of motion injury in which the body is forcibly stopped but the contents of the body cavities remain in motion due to inertia; the brain is particularly vulnerable to such trauma.
head injury see head injury.
risk for injury a nursing diagnosis approved by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as the state in which a person is at risk for injury as a result of environmental conditions interacting with the individual's adaptive and defensive resources. Any pathophysiological condition such as altered level of consciousness, impaired sensory perception, tissue hypoxia, and pain or fatigue can contribute to or be the cause of personal injury. Age-related factors include infancy and early childhood, advanced age, and the 20- to 29-year age group in which accidents and harmful lifestyles are major causes of illness and death.
risk for perioperative-positioning injury a nursing diagnosis approved by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as being at risk for injury as a result of the environmental conditions found in the perioperative setting.
ventilator-induced injury injury to the lung secondary to ventilator treatment, the result of excessive airway pressures, maldistribution of tidal volume, or high oxygen concentrations. See also barotrauma.


1. The damage or wound of trauma.
2. Lesion (q.v.).
[L. injuria, fr. in- neg. + jus (jur-), right]


/in·ju·ry/ (in´jer-e) wound or trauma; harm or hurt; usually applied to damage inflicted on the body by an external force.
birth injury  impairment of body function or structure due to adverse influences to which the infant has been subjected at birth.
Goyrand's injury  pulled elbow.
straddle injury  injury to the distal urethra from falling astride a blunt object.
whiplash injury  a popular nonspecific term applied to injury to the spine and spinal cord due to sudden extension of the neck.


1. Damage, harm, or loss, as from trauma.
2. A particular form of hurt, damage, or loss.


Medtalk Trauma, wound, hurt. See Acceleration-deceleration injury, Acute spinal injury, Anterior cruciate ligament injury, Arachnic injury, Bite-mark injury, Blunt injury, Boot-induced anterior cruciate ligament injury, Brachial plexus injury, Chemical injury, Chemical eye injury, Closed fist injury, Cold injury, Corrosive injury, Deceleration injury, Degloving injury, Diffuse axonal injury, Diffuse ischemic injury, Golfing injury, Grade I injury, Grade II injury, Grade III injury, Hamstring injury, In-line skating injury, Lateral collateral ligament injury, Lye injury, Mass injury, Medial collateral ligament injury, Mild traumatic brain injury, Needle-stick injury, Overuse injury, Parachute-related injury, Patterned injury, Perversion injury, Phantom foot anterior cruciate ligament injury, Reperfusion injury, Repetitive motion injury, Reversible injury, SCIWORA, Sharp injury, Sliding injury, Spinal cord injury, Splash injury, Sports injury, Thoracic inlet injury, Transfusion-related acute lung injury, Trauma, Ventilator-induced lung injury, Violence-related injury, Weapons-related injury, Whiplash injury, Wound, Wringer injury Public health ±60 million people are injured, US/yr; total cost, ±$200 billion; direct costs account for 29%; in 1994, 151, 000 US deaths were due to injuries, > 1⁄3 due to MVAs. See Burns, Drowning, Falls, Firearms, Hip fractures, Motor vehicle accidents, Poisoning.


Damage, harm, or loss, to a person particularly as the result of external force.
[L. injuria, fr. in- neg. + jus (jur-), right]


Any permanent or semi-permanent disturbance of structure or function of any part of the body caused by an external agency. Such agency may be mechanical, thermal, chemical, electrical or radiational. The term may also be applied to damage caused by infecting organisms or to psychological trauma.


any process causing physical damage. In sport contact injuries result from direct contact with another player or object (e.g. goalpost). These include fractures, ligament injuries, head and neck injuries. overuse injuries result from either an intrinsic cause, such as biomechanical problems, or an extrinsic cause such as the surface of the playing field. In sport, injuries to the lower limb are most common, especially to the knee. The incidence of injury in sport reflects the need for adequate, appropriately trained medical support.


sulcus, subtarsal.


The act of washing or cleansing a cavity or a surface with a stream of water or other solution (e.g. physiological saline) as in chemical or thermal burns or other superficial injuries to the eye, or to dislodge small foreign bodies on the cornea or in the conjunctival sac. See corneal abrasion; lid eversion.


Damage, harm, or loss, to a person.
[L. injuria, fr. in- neg. + jus (jur-), right]


n the insult, harm, or hurt applied to tissues; may evoke dystrophic or inflammatory response from the affected part.
Enlarge picture
Injection into skin.
injury, root,
n the damage to the root, especially to the cementum, when an excessive force is placed on the tooth.
injury, toothbrush,
n the damage to the teeth and associated tissue produced by incorrect toothbrushing.


harm or hurt; a wound or maim; usually applied to damage inflicted on the body by an external force. See also burn, electrical injuries, frostbite, hypothermia, radiation injury.

casting injury
in large animals while being cast with ropes or harness for treatment or examination; may be injury or even fracture of a limb bone, or injury to a nerve, especially facial or radial nerves.
racing injury
includes stripping of the tendons of the rear limb by being galloped on, striking the flexor tendons of the forelimb with the toes of the hindlimb (forging or striking), or brushing, (hitting the inside of one lower forelimb by the other). Fractures, tendon ruptures, muscle and tendon sprains are all part of the racing hazard. Fracture or dislocation of cervical vertebrae are an especial hazard in hurdle races and steeplechases.
shoeing injury
injury inflicted while shoeing; includes paring too much sole, exposing sensitive laminae, nailprick of sensitive laminae, and paring too much lateral wall, causing bleeding at the white line.

Patient discussion about injury

Q. How do I avoid Sport injuries? I started climbing recently and going to the gym 3 times a week.

A. I had the same question, so I dug up a little bit through the web and found this wonderful site with a lot of tips + videos about “how to avoid sport injuries :
bookmark it!

Q. How can I avoid sport injuries? I started training In a gym near my house, I run 3k every other day and lifting weights. I’ve been having a slight pain in my knees the past 3 times. How can I avoid it?

A. A good idea is never miss a warm up:
another good idea- don’t stress it up, if you feel pain- don’t ignore it just like you won’t ignore a fire alarm.
Talk to a certified trainer and build a work out plan. Don’t just start running and lifting weights.
It’s very good you started exercising, you just have to do it safely.

Q. How long after an injury does it take for the symptoms to develop? I read in an article that traumatic muscle injuries can take up to four months to heal. In the case of post-traumatic fibromyalgia, how long after an injury does it take for the symptoms to develop?

A. What you have read was right. I too came across that information somewhere. Post-traumatic fibromyalgia symptoms usually do not occur immediately after an injury. In addition, it usually takes several weeks or months before symptoms appear, and as traumatic muscle injuries can take up to four months to heal, fibromyalgia cannot be diagnosed until several months after injury.

More discussions about injury
References in periodicals archive ?
In the process of cluster analysis, in order for an effective analysis of the harmfulness of false network news, it is a common practice to conduct threshold analysis on different indicators, i.
Once harmfulness has been established, the appellant must demonstrate that the argument was incurable.
Likewise, the principle of harmfulness has not been fully incorporated into the Statute, since the criminalization of conspiracy to commit genocide leads to the criminalization a conduct that did not produce a result.
68) This not only aids in establishing the magnitude of the injury, (69) but also serves to establish the harmfulness of the speech in question.
In order to fully assess the harmfulness of consumption of a given amount of each beverage type, it is important to consider consumption among those with less harmful patterns as well, i.
General information about body weight, diet, nutrition, obesity, harmfulness of the use of tobacco and drugs, the importance of preventive vaccinations, family planning use and safety of donating blood and a host of other issues can and should be discussed with the patient as the occasion arises.
The development of a course for the curricula of pre-university institutions on the harmfulness of drug use began with the plan "Measures of Fighting Drug Addiction and Drug Trafficking" which was approved by the government in 2007.
It might be argued that deep ("deep", meaning long-held and widely shared understandings in Western society) conventional agreement about the harmfulness of certain acts, such as murder, is sufficient to provide a principled-harm argument for outlawing it.
The Minister informed that certain food producers are importing chicken wings, bones and similar items which are even banned for food production in foreign countries and manufacturing items like sausages and due to the harmfulness of these products the government has imposed a tax of 280% on these products to curb the import of such items.
A STUDY BY Great Britain's Independent Scientific Committee on Drugs, published in the November 1 issue of The Lancet, compared the harmfulness of 20 drugs based on 16 criteria, ranging from the drug's lethality to the ecological costs of production and distribution.