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unpleasant symptoms that occur 4 to 6 hours after excessive ingestion of alcohol; see alcoholism.


a popular term for a group of disagreeable physical effects, including nausea, thirst, fatigue, headache, and irritability, resulting from the heavy consumption of alcohol and/or certain drugs.
A popular term for the unpleasant consequences affecting 75% of those who drink alcohol to excess, resulting in headaches, nausea, vomiting, thirst, dry mouth, tremors, dizziness, fatigue and muscle cramps, fuzzy cognition, poor visual-spatial coordination and pain with loud noises; in the extreme case, hallucinations, shaking and sweating, the latter of which can have features of alcohol withdrawal Management
Prevention—drink slower, eat, especially sugars, drink fluids


The unpleasant psychological and physiologic effects after heavy consumption of drugs or alcoholic beverages, including nausea, headache, sensitivity to light and noise, lethargy, dysphoria, and thirst.


The state of general distress experienced on the morning after an evening of alcoholic over-indulgence. The symptoms include headache, depression, remorse, shakiness, nausea and VERTIGO. With the possible exception of stomach irritation, these are not caused by alcohol, most of which has already been metabolized. The breakdown products, such as acetaldehyde, and some of the other constituents (congeners) of alcoholic drinks are, however, toxic. Other factors such as smoking, dehydration, overeating, the recollection of indiscretion and the loss of sleep may contribute.

Patient discussion about hangover

Q. What is the cause of hangovers? And why mixing drinks also contribute to that effect?

A. Hangovers are multi-causal. Ethanol has a dehydrating effect by causing increased urine production (such substances are known as diuretics), which causes headaches, dry mouth, and lethargy. Dehydration causes the brain to shrink away from the skull slightly. Alcohol's effect on the stomach lining can account for nausea. Because of the increased NADH production during metabolism of ethanol, excess of that substance causes hypoglycemia. In addition, it is thought that the presence of other alcohols (such as fusel oils), by-products of the alcoholic fermentation also called congeners, exaggerate many of the symptoms (congeners may also be zinc or other metals added primarily to sweet liqueurs to enhance their flavor).

Q. What can be done to reduce the effects of a hangover? Dear friends, I often face a hangover which is out of my control. What can be done to reduce the effects of a hangover? I heard that drinking water before going to bed will help.

A. I once wrote an article about hang-over therapy, maybe you can read it here :

The safest and most natural way to get over it is just wait until the symptoms fade away. But if you feel a heavy headache, some papers will recommend you to take aspirins (this will reduce the pain), and if you feel discomfort in your stomach, it is most likely because alcohol is irritative for your stomach surface, so grabbing some food will help.

Q. Tips for drinking without getting hangover anyone..? How can I avoid hangover? Or vomiting? Or all those unpleasant side effects that a really good party have…

A. the easyest way to avoid a hangover is to not drink,so much,..just because you are at a party..doesnt mean you have to get sick on alcohol...there is no sure way of not getting a hangover...MRFOOT56

More discussions about hangover
References in periodicals archive ?
GINGER Ginger is actually packed full of natural anti-nausea and antiinflammatory goodness, so can help settle nausea and other hangover side-effects.
Thrive+ comes in capsule (pill) form and is taken after drinking alcohol/before going to bed to prevent hangovers.
Hangover rating: 3/10 GIN is a pure, clear spirit - but it contains an ingredient to leave you with a headache.
Adam also noted that "veisalgia," the medical term for hangover, is derived from the Greek word "pain" and it translates to "uneasiness after debauchery.
Because while women cope with hangovers the same way we cope with illness, being dumped and redundancy - two Nurofen and a cup of tea with a mate - men, by contrast, are entirely capable of turning a jaded morning and a mildly aching temple into a three-act opera requiring industrial quantities of water, tea, fry-up and sympathy.
Piasecki explained that their findings fill in a basic piece of the puzzle concerning hangovers and alcoholism, and if hangovers don't strongly discourage or punish drinking, links between current problem drinking and frequent hangover seem less incongruent.
3/3 EXERCISE: This might not be what you want to read, but exercise will help get rid of your hangover by helping the body rid itself of toxins.
By the time your hangover has set in, the alcohol you've drunk has already been processed by your body, so the whole 'sweat it out' theory is just a myth.
The Hangover Part III" will be distributed worldwide by Warner Bros.
Bradley insists Hangover fans won't be disappointed by the new film.
No, not the cute little fish that blimps up when frightened, this hangover cure is a new FDA-regulated over-the-counter medication that comes with a money-back guarantee.
In the past, dehydration was thought to be the main cause of hangover symptoms," says Emma Derbyshire, independent nutritionist and consultant to the Natural Hydration Council.