haemoperfusion


Also found in: Wikipedia.

haemoperfusion

he·mo·per·fu·sion

(hē'mō-pĕr-fyū'zhŭn)
Passage of blood through columns of adsorptive material, such as activated charcoal, to remove toxic substances.
Synonym(s): haemoperfusion.
[hemo- + L. perfusio, to pass through]

haemoperfusion

A method of removing poisons from the blood. The blood is passed through a tube containing either treated charcoal or ION-EXCHANGE RESINS. Clotting is prevented by using HEPARIN.
References in periodicals archive ?
Severe theophylline intoxication: a delay in charcoal haemoperfusion solved by oral activated charcoal.
Endre et al reported the successful use of charcoal haemoperfusion and sequential dialysis in a case of acute DDS overdose which controlled the progression of haemolysis and methaemoglobinaemia (10).
Successful treatment of acute dapsone intoxication using charcoal haemoperfusion.
These have included adsorbents, pharmacological approaches (6) and radiotherapy, (7) haemodialysis and haemoperfusion.
Polysaccharides with varying molecular weight have been extensively used for various kinds of insufficiencies like plasma substituent, haemoperfusion, and for the surface modification of materials (83),.
Camphor intoxication treated by charcoal haemoperfusion.
Adjunct and alternative therapies included treatments to reduce poison absorption by topical application of creams, enhance toxin elimination by haemoperfusion or bioremediation and neutralise the poison by scavenging free organophosphate with cholinesterase-rich human plasma.
The seven studies on adjunct/alternate therapies in human poisoning included three studies on haemoperfusion (12-14), one systematic review on alkalinisation (15) and one study each on magnesium (16), plasma (9) and glycopyrrolate (17).
Haemoperfusion is effective for substances with a small [V.
Several animal experiments have evaluated the role of haemoperfusion in OP poisoning.
The impetus to use haemoperfusion in human OP poisoning came from studies in the 1970s that showed high clearance values of 83.
In a recent retrospective report, 25 patients with severe OP poisoning treated with haemoperfusion were compared with 27 patients with mild poisoning not receiving haemoperfusion (12).