haematemesis


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Related to haematemesis: haematochezia, haemoptysis, melaena

haematemesis

he·ma·tem·e·sis

(hē'mă-tem'ĕ-sis)
Vomiting blood.
Synonym(s): haematemesis.
[hemat- + G. emesis, vomiting]

haematemesis

Vomiting blood. This may indicate stomach or duodenal ulcers, gastric erosions, varicose veins in the gullet (OESOPHAGEAL VARICES) or the MALLORY-WEISS SYNDROME. Stomach cancer does not commonly cause haematemesis. Vomited partially digested blood resembles coffee grounds.

he·ma·tem·e·sis

(hē'mă-tem'ĕ-sis)
Vomiting of blood.
Synonym(s): haematemesis.
[hemat- + G. emesis, vomiting]

Patient discussion about haematemesis

Q. Why do alcoholics spew blood? I saw someone vomiting blood and my brother said it is because he’s an alcoholic but couldn’t explain why…

A. Alcohol affects many different things in the body. This sounds very serious and he probably needs immediate medical attention. When your body is trying to process something that is harming it at the same time, many things are going on and being destroyed.

More discussions about haematemesis
References in periodicals archive ?
Patients may present with high intestinal obstruction or severe haematemesis from secondary ulceration.
In all 4 traditional medicine cases, sepsis was a likely additional factor: one used traditional medicines to 'ward off evil spirits' and had suspected sepsis; another used traditional medicines for 'winds' and developed haematemesis, malaena, a deranged clotting profile and necrotising enterocolitis; a third had preceding diarrhoea and vomiting and autopsy revealed severe necrotising bronchopneumonia and Waterhouse-Friderichsen adrenal lesions with viral inclusions; and a fourth, who had been given traditional medicines for constipation, was treated in hospital for malnutrition, Gram-negative sepsis and dehydration, but died at home after discharge.
Subsequently the patient had several episodes of haematemesis and malaena, with the patient's haemoglobin repeatedly dropping despite transfusion.
A 32 year old professional footballer was assessed having suffered presyncope and haematemesis whilst driving.
The most common conditions were associated with the upper gastro-intestinal tract, including upper abdominal pain, dyspepsia, dysphagia and haematemesis.
These patients present with gastrointestinal bleeding, often an initial smaller 'herald' bleed followed by a massive haematemesis and/or haematoschezia.
Less frequently there are melena and haematemesis when erosion of the tumour occurs, which is described in Brunner's gland hyperplasia occurring beyond the first portion of the duodenum.
A 13-year-old boy presented with a 1-year history of a gradually distending abdomen that was associated with constitutional symptoms, haematemesis and haematochezia that were exacerbated after taking traditional medicament.
A bout of haematemesis prompted coeliac axis angiography (Fig.
He developed oral pharyngeal ulceration, acute lung injury, haematemesis, haemoptysis and renal failure.
Apart from obstruction, trichobezoars may also cause ulceration with haematemesis, perforation or peritonitis.