haemarthrosis


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he·mar·thro·sis

(hēm'ahr-thrō'sis)
Blood in a joint.
Synonym(s): haemarthrosis.
[G. haima, blood, + arthron, joint]

haemarthrosis

Blood within a joint space. This can occur from injury or disease such as SCURVY or HAEMOPHILIA. There is pain, heat, swelling and muscle spasm. Such blood soon absorbs but repeated episodes cause damage and crippling deformity.

haemarthrosis

the presence of blood in a joint cavity. This may be the result of trauma or occur spontaneously, as in haemophilia. In sport haemarthrosis is most commonly seen in the knee joint where it is always indicative of significant injury such as cruciate (70% have an anterior cruciate tear) and/or collateral ligament injury, intra-articular fractures, meniscal tears or patellar dislocation. Blood accumulates in the joint within 1-2 h in a haemarthrosis compared to the slower (24+h) accumulation in a joint effusion. Early referral to a knee specialist is recommended because of the potential for intervention to prevent chronic joint damage.

haemarthrosis

blood within a joint

he·mar·thro·sis

(hēm'ahr-thrō'sis)
Blood in a joint.
Synonym(s): haemarthrosis.
[G. haima, blood, + arthron, joint]
References in periodicals archive ?
This bleeding disorder is rare and surprisingly less severe than haemophilia, where 20% of patients develop haemarthrosis.
Initial Presentation of Haemophilia Features Frequency Percentage Bruises and ecchymosis 22 55% Haemarthrosis 12 30% Scalp/ facial haematomas 3 7.
Unfortunately, the haemarthrosis of the knee persisted, and the patient was referred to our institution at 3 years after the onset, due to refractory haemarthrosis and osteoarthritis progression.
The authors agree with the proposed treatment pathway for recurrent unexplained haemarthrosis after TKR.
This finding remains to be explained as to why this symptom is more frequent in RIBD than in hemophilia A and B, where haemarthrosis is the most common symptom.
In some seriously injured patients having haemarthrosis, aspiration of the fluid with gentle lavage may render them more comfortable.
It may also be difficult to operate on any patient with a recent haemarthrosis as visualisation may be compromised.
The presence of a knee haemarthrosis (Table II) is positive for an ACL injury in 70% of cases.
Preoperatively, investigate the presence of petechiae, ecchymotic lesions, telangiectasias, hepatosplenomegaly and haemarthrosis of the joints.
Collateral ligament tears usually tear the capsule and the blood leaks into the surrounding tissues, causing diffuse swelling rather than haemarthrosis.
In the absence of a bleeding disorder, the most common underlying pathology for recurrent haemarthrosis is impingement of the proliferative synovium.