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The dried ripe fruit of Juniperus communis (family Pinaceae).
[L. the juniper tree]


Herbal medicine
An evergreen shrub, the berries of which contain flavonoids, gallotannin, vitamin C and volatile oils (including camphene, juniperin, limonene, myrcene, pinene, sabinene, terpinene and thujone). Juniper is antiseptic, antitussive, carminative, diuretic and expectorant, and has been used to treat urinary tract infections, neuralgia, rheumatic complaints, gout and sciatica.
Toxic effects
Juniper should not be used internally in pregnancy or in those with kidney disease.


n Latin names:
Juniperus communis, Juniperus oxycedrus L.; part used: berries (dried); uses: diuretic, antiflatulent, antiinflammatory, abortifacient, diabetes mellitus, urinary infections; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, children. Also called
a'ra'r a'di, ardic, baccal juniper, common juniper, dwarf, gemener, genievre, ground juniper, hackmatack, harvest, horse savin, juniper mistletoe, yoshu-nezu, or


References in periodicals archive ?
Call Cindy Skrukrud, Friends of Hackmatack National Wildlife Refuge, at (312) 251-1680, ext.
Friends of Hackmatack secretary Cindy Skrukrud and Openlands conservation manager Aimee Collins also presented the team with information about the importance of protecting natural amenities, their efforts to protect and restore open space at the refuge site and discussed the Community Stewardship Challenge Grant from the Illinois Clean Energy Community Foundation received by Friends of Hackmatack.
MacLeod's favourite book, Harry Houdini: A Magical Life, won the Hackmatack Award for non-fiction in 2006.
The stumbling block for schools interested in the Hackmatack Awards has long been the cost of purchasing a set of the shortlisted books.
In the various children's choice and "tree" awards (such as the Rocky Mountain Book Award, the Hackmatack Award and others), authors and illustrators always talk about how much the award means to them and how amazing it is to be treated as a "star" by the voters and fans.