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The JCAHO directs that half strength or bedtime be written in full to avoid ambiguity.
Abbreviation for L. hora somni, before sleep, at bedtime; half strength.


(sur'jen) [Fr. cirurgien]
A medical practitioner who specializes in surgery.

civil surgeon

A physician certified by the U.S. Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services to perform medical examinations on immigrants seeking immigration visas to, or permanent resident status in, the U.S. The examination performed by civil surgeons includes a physical and mental status examination; tests for tuberculosis, syphilis, and human immunodeficiency virus; and vaccinations for measles, mumps, rubella; polio; tetanus and diphtheria; pertussis; influenza B; and hepatitis B.

colorectal surgeon

A surgeon specializing in the entire large bowel.

console surgeon

The principal surgeon in robotically-assisted surgery (telesurgery), i.e., the one who operates the controls. This surgeon operates from a distant site, does not need to scrub before the procedure, but does require a surgical assistant in the operating room to help with patient or robotic adjustments.
Synonym: remote surgeon

surgeon general

The chief medical officer in each branch of the armed forces of the U.S. or of the U.S. Public Health Service.

ghost surgeon

Any person, esp. one not designated by the patient or not licensed to practice surgery, who replaces the patient's chosen surgeon in performing an operation, without the patient's consent. Ghosts may include surgical residents or representatives of pharmaceutical or biomedical engineering firms. The use of ghost surgeons is a violation of professional standards and ethics.

house surgeon

Abbreviation: H.S.
The senior surgical member of the hospital staff who acts in the absence of the attending surgeon.

remote surgeon

Console surgeon.

house surgeon

Abbreviation: H.S.
The senior surgical member of the hospital staff who acts in the absence of the attending surgeon.
See also: surgeon
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