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Related to gynecologic: Gynecologic cancer


, gynecological (gī'nĕ-kō-loj'ik, jin'ĕ-; -loj'i-kăl), Although the first syllable of this word is correctly pronounced jīn, it is often pronounced gīn, gĭn, or jĭn.
Relating to gynecology.


/gy·ne·co·log·ic/ (gi″nĕ-) (jin″ĕ-kah-loj´ik) pertaining to the female reproductive tract or to gynecology.


[gī′nə-, jin′əkəloj′ik]
Etymology: Gk, gynaikos, of a woman
pertaining to gynecology, or the study of diseases of the female reproductive organs and the breasts. Also gynecological.


adjective Referring to the study of the female genital tract and reproductive system, and management of the diseases associated therewith.


High blood pressure Cardiovascular disease An abnormal ↑ systemic arterial pressure, corresponding to a systolic BP of > 160 mm Hg and/or diastolic BP of 95 mm Hg and graded according to intensity of ↑ diastolic BP; HTN affects ± 60 million in the US Workup Evaluation of HTN requires clinical Hx for Pt, family Hx, 2 BP determinations, funduscopy, ID of bruits in neck & abdominal aorta, evaluation of peripheral edema, peripheral pulses and residual neurologic defects in stroke victims, chest films to determine cardiac size and lab parameters to rule out causes of secondary HTN Risk factors Race–blacks more common, ♂, family history of HTN, obesity, defects of lipid metabolism, DM, sedentary lifestyle, cigarette smoking, electrolyte imbalance–eg, ↑ sodium, phosphorus, ↓ potassium, tin Treatment Diet–eg, sodium restriction, ↓ calories, alcohol and cigarettes–the weight gain accompanying smoking cessation tends to offset the minimal ↓ in BP, calcium supplements, lifestyle manipulation–eg, biofeedback, ↑ exercise; antihypertensives–eg, diuretics–benzothiadiazines, loop diuretics, potassium-sparing diuretics, sympatholytic agents–central and peripheral-acting α-adrenergics, β-adrenergics, mixed α- and β-blockers, direct vasodilators, ACE inhibitors–the preferred agent to use ab initio, dihydropiridine CCBs. See ACCT, ACE inhibitor, Borderline hypertension, Borderline isolated systolic hypertension, Calcium channel blocker, Drug-induced hypertension, Essential hypertension, Exercise hypertension, Familial dyslipemic hypertension, Gestational hypertension, Idiopathic intracranial hypertension, Isolated systolic hypertension, Malignant hypertension, MRC, Obetension, Paradoxic hypertension, Pill hypertension, Pregnancy-induced hypertension, Pseudohypertension, Pulmonary hypertension, Refractory hypertension, Renovascular hypertension, SHEP, STOP-Hypertension, TAIM, TOHP-1, TOMHSTyramine hypertension, White coat hypertension.
Class I–mild Diastolic pressure 90-104 mm Hg
Class II–moderate Diastolic pressure 105-119 mm Hg
Class III–severe Diastolic pressure > than 120 mm Hg
Hypertension types
Essential hypertension Idiopathic HTN The major form comprising 90% of all HTN
Malignant hypertension A sustained BP > 200/140 mm Hg, resulting in arteriolar necrosis, most marked in the brain, eg. cerebral hemorrhage, infarcts, and hypertensive encephalopathy, eyes, eg papilledema and hypertensive retinopathy and kidneys, eg acute renal failure and hypertensive nephropathy; if malignant HTN is uncorrected or therapy refractory, Pts may suffer a hypertensive crisis in which prolonged high BP causes left ventricular hypertrophy and CHF
Paroxysmal hypertension Transient or episodic waves of ↑ BP of any etiology, punctuated by periods of normotension, typical of pheochromocytoma
Portal hypertension ↑ portal vein pressure caused by a backflow of blood through splenic arteries, resulting in splenomegaly and collateral circulation, resulting in esophageal varices and/or hemorrhoids; PH may be intra- or extrahepatic, and is often due to cirrhosis, or rarely portal vein disease, venous thrombosis, tumors or abscesses
Pulmonary hypertension A condition defined as a 'wedge' systolic/diastolic pressure > 30/20 mm Hg–Normal: 18-25/12-16 mm Hg, often secondary to blood stasis in peripheral circulation, divided into passive, hyperkinetic, vasoocclusive, vasoconstrictive and secondary forms. See Pulmonary HTN.
Renovascular hypertension see there.
Secondary hypertension
Cardiovascular Open heart surgery, coarctation of aorta, ↑ cardiac output–anemia, thyrotoxicosis, aortic valve insufficiency
Cerebral ↑ Intracranial pressure
Endocrine Mineralocorticoid excess, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, glucocorticoid excess, eg Cushing syndrome, hyperparathyroidism, acromegaly
Gynecologic Pregnancy, oral contraceptives
Neoplasia Renin-secreting tumors, pheochromocytoma
• ↓ Peripheral vascular resistance AV shunts, Paget's disease of bone, beri-beri
Renal disease Vascular, parenchymal


, gynecological (gī'nĕ-kŏ-loj'ik, -i-kăl)
Relating to gynecology.
Synonym(s): gynaecologic.

Patient discussion about gynecologic

Q. What is ovarian cyst and why is it painful? Is that pathological? Dangerous? Need information please.

A. don’t worry- ovarian cyst is usually a natural thin. It shouldn’t be of a problem. And if you need to hear it from a gynecologist:

More discussions about gynecologic
References in periodicals archive ?
Wolf is a renowned expert in the field of gynecologic cancer and is double Board Certified in both Obstetrics and Gynecology and Gynecologic Oncology.
Miller is a clinical associate professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago, immediate past president of the International Society for Gynecologic Endoscopy (ISGE), and a past president of the AAGL.
The special issue is "Gynecologic Cancer Prevention, Treatment and Survivorship in Obese Women", Volume 133, Issue 1 (April 2014) of Gynecologic Oncology published by Elsevier.
Da Vinci surgery for hysterectomy offers numerous potential patient benefits over traditional approaches to vaginal, laparoscopic or open abdominal hysterectomy, particularly when performing more challenging procedures such as radical hysterectomy for gynecologic cancer.
Surgery also reduced the risk of gynecologic cancer by 85 percent in women with a BRCA1 mutation.
The mean interval between sexual debut and gynecologic care was 11 months, but the range was 6 months before sexual debut up to 6 years after sexual debut.
Called Johanna's Law, the bill would require a nationwide public service announcement suggesting that women talk to their doctors about gynecologic cancers, and would fund grants to local and national organizations to test innovative strategies for educating women about various gynecologic cancers.
Using matched data from paid Medicaid claims and the New Jersey HIV/AIDS registry, researchers identified women with HIV or AIDS who had given birth between 1992 and 1998, and investigated how their receipt of any antiretroviral regimen, substance abuse treatment (among those with a history of substance abuse), and obstetric and gynecologic care varied in the six months before and after delivery.
It is unfortunate that women today still refrain from gynecologic exams because they either fear the outcome or they are embarrassed," says Adelaide Nardone, a board certified doctor of obstetrics and gynecology and an advisor to the VWHC.
Was the clinic operated solely to bilk the state, or were children abused under the guise of providing medical and gynecologic exams?
The instruments used have previously received FDA approval for gynecologic surgery.
Vasilev - Steven Anatol Vasilev, MD, MBA, is Clinical Professor in the Division of Gynecologic Oncology at the University of Southern Californias Keck School of Medicine.