eclampsia

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Related to guinea pig eclampsia: HELLP syndrome, PubMed

eclampsia

 [e-klamp´se-ah]
in pregnant women, the convulsive stage of preeclampsia-eclampsia syndrome; the convulsions are not attributable to other cerebral conditions such as epilepsy. It is a potentially life-threatening disorder characterized by hypertension, generalized edema, and proteinuria. Preeclampsia is a less severe, nonconvulsive form of the disorder. adj., adj eclamp´tic.
puerperal eclampsia that occurring after or during childbirth.
uremic eclampsia eclampsia due to uremia.

ec·lamp·si·a

(ek-lamp'sē-ă),
Occurrence of one or more convulsions, not attributable to other cerebral conditions such as epilepsy or cerebral hemorrhage, in a patient with preeclampsia.
[G. eklampsis, a shining forth]

eclampsia

/eclamp·sia/ (ĕ-klamp´se-ah) convulsions and coma, rarely coma alone, occurring in a pregnant or puerperal woman, and associated with hypertension, edema, and/or proteinuria.eclamp´tic
uremic eclampsia  that due to uremia.

eclampsia

(ĭ-klămp′sē-ə)
n.
Coma or convulsions in a patient with preeclampsia, occurring in late pregnancy, during labor, or within 24 hours after giving birth.

e·clamp′tic (-tĭk) adj.

eclampsia

[iklamp′sē·ə]
Etymology: Gk, ek, out, lampein, to flash
the gravest form of pregnancy-induced hypertension. It is characterized by grand mal seizure, coma, hypertension, proteinuria, and edema. The symptoms of impending seizure often include body temperature of up to 104° F, anxiety, epigastric pain, severe headache, and blurred vision. The nurse is alert to persistently and extremely high blood pressure and to increasingly hyperactive deep-tendon reflexes, or clonus. Convulsions may be prevented by bed rest in a quiet, dimly lit room and parenteral administration of magnesium sulfate and antihypertensive medications. The nurse attentively monitors the mother's general condition, including respiration, deep tendon reflexes, blood pressure, magnesium sulfate levels, and urine and protein excretion, as well as the baby's heart rate. Treatment of a convulsion must include maintenance of the mother's airway, protection of the mother against self-injury, and administration of medication to check the convulsion and decrease the blood pressure. Once this is accomplished, delivery is indicated. Convulsions rarely occur in the puerperium. Complications of eclampsia include cerebral hemorrhage, pulmonary edema, renal failure, liver necrosis, abruptio placentae, hypofibrinogenemia, hemolysis, and retinal hemorrhages, sometimes with temporary blindness. The maternal mortality rate in eclampsia is 10%; the fetal mortality rate is 25%. Eclampsia occurs in 0.2% of pregnancies. The cause is not known.

eclampsia/pre-eclampsia

(From Greek eklampsis, shining forth) Metabolic toxemia of pregnancy Obstetrics A condition which usually develops in late pregnancy or the immediate puerperium Clinical HTN, hemoconcentration, sodium retention with resultant edema Lab Albuminuria, proteinuria, hypoproteinemia, ↑ nitrogen/BUN; pre-eclampsia is most common in primigravidas, after the 24th gestational wk, but may occur as soon as trophoblastic tissue is present Treatment If mild, bed rest and sedation; if severe, antihypertensives–eg, vasodilators, α methyldopa; if convulsions, magnesium sulfate. See HELLP syndrome.

ec·lamp·si·a

(ĕ-klamp'sē-ă)
Occurrence of one or more convulsions, not attributable to other cerebral conditions such as epilepsy or cerebral hemorrhage, in a patient with preeclampsia.
[G. eklampsis, a shining forth]

eclampsia

A serious complication of pregnancy in which dangerous seizures occur with a high mortality. Eclampsia is always preceded by the warning state of pre-eclampsia. This consists of raised blood pressure, OEDEMA, and protein (albumin and sometimes globulin) in the urine. The risk of eclampsia ceases soon, but not immediately, after the baby is born. It has recently been discovered that a rise in the levels of circulating angiogenic factors can predict the development of pre-eclampsia.

eclampsia

a syndrome including convulsions and coma occurring in animals soon after birth of the young.

bitch eclampsia
see puerperal tetany.
guinea pig eclampsia
see pregnancy toxemia (3) and ketosis.
mare eclampsia
puerperal eclampsia
see puerperal tetany.
sow eclampsia
a poorly defined condition of older sows after farrowing which responds to treatment with calcium and magnesium.
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