ground

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Related to ground bass: ritornello

ground

 [grownd]
1. a path of conduction from an electrical circuit to the earth.
2. to connect an electrical circuit or electrical equipment to the earth.
3. zero electrical potential.

ground

Etymology: AS, grund
1 (in electricity) a connection between the electric circuit and the ground, which becomes a part of the circuit.
2 (in psychology) the background of a visual field that can enhance or inhibit the ability of a patient to focus on an object.

ground

1. Basic substance or foundation.
2. Reduced to a powder; pulverized.
3. In electronics, the negative or earth pole that has zero electrical potential.

figure

A part or pattern in the visual field which has the perceptual attribute of completeness and is perceived as distinct from the rest of the field which forms the ground. Example: a printed word against a background page.
ambiguous figure An image or drawing arranged in such a way that its perception oscillates or flips involuntarily between, usually, two interpretations even though the retinal image remains constant, thus indicating that higher cortical processing are involved. Syn. reversible figure. See Blivet figure; Kanizsa figure; illusion; Necker cube; Rubin's vase; Schroeder's staircase.
Blivet figure An 'impossible' figure in which three apparently solid tubes are attached at one end of a rectangular base which projects only two bars (Fig. F4). See Necker cube; Schroeder's staircase; Rubin's vase.
fortification figure See scintillating scotoma.
Kanizsa figure An ambiguous figure in which the illusory contour of a square (or triangle) appears in the middle of four (or three) truncated solid squares (or circles). It is an illustration of the perceptual ability to make sense of an incomplete figure by creating a 'whole' image from the separate elements (Gestalt organization). Some people cannot perceive the contour. Syn. Kanizsa square (Fig. F5).reversible f. See ambiguous figure.
Fig. F4 Blivet figureenlarge picture
Fig. F4 Blivet figure
Fig. F5 Kanisza figureenlarge picture
Fig. F5 Kanisza figure
References in periodicals archive ?
For pieces on a cantus firmus or a ground bass, Ortiz indicates that the accompaniment should be performed 'in consonances' and also use 'some counterpoint appropriate to the recercada played by the viol'.
Later the same evening came a programme of Purcell's 'symphony songs', five of the eight songs for voices with instruments plus a couple of purely instrumental pieces on a ground bass.
Holman's helpful notes identify Purcell's three principal forms of solo song; the light verse set strophically in dance style, the song on a ground bass and the declamatory song in contrasting passages of air, arioso and recitative.