grazing

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grazing,

grazing

1. actions of herbivorous animals eating growing pasture or cereal crop.
2. area of pasture or cereal crop to be used as standing feed. See also pasture.

grazing behavior
most grazing species prefer grazing in daylight hours and graze as a social or herd unit, all performing the same function at about the same time.
block grazing
see rotational grazing (below).
continuous grazing
the livestock are left in the field for long periods without rotation; a common practice in extensive farming systems where internal parasites are not a problem.
deferred grazing
a field is closed up and not used for grazing for the spring and summer but is then grazed as mature autumn feed. This may be a tactic to provide grazing at a time when pasture is usually in short supply, or it may be to allow a pasture to regenerate. Called also autumn saving.
grazing fee
see agist.
leader-follower grazing
the age group most susceptible to helminth infestation grazes the pasture first and are followed by the less susceptible older groups.
grazing pattern
the way in which each herbivorous species grazes a pasture, including closeness of cropping, preference for grass over clover over browse.
rented grazing
see agist.
rotational grazing
the herd or flock is moved frequently (days to weeks) from field to field in a management system aimed at reducing worm load and increasing production of dry matter. In many circumstances it does neither. Called also block grazing. See also rotation programs.
strip grazing
the field is grazed in strips which are changed every 1 to 3 days. This is done by careful placement of an electric fence so that the grazing strip is moved further and further away from the entrance to the field.
zero grazing
an animal husbandry strategy in which the plant material is harvested daily and fed to livestock in a dry lot. Avoids damage to pasture by cattle walking on it but requires much higher capital investment for harvesting machinery, construction and maintenance.
References in periodicals archive ?
Toward this goal, Beaverhead manages the cattle's breeding and grazing patterns so that the cattle participate in the natural cycle of harvesting and reseeding.
More flexibility in upland grazing patterns, allowing seasonal adjustments, with minimum stocking rates.
We use well-managed crop rotations and grazing patterns to raise our cattle in a way that is both sustainable and organic, she said.
The projects which include monitoring toxic mercury levels, grazing patterns of bison and cattle, soil and water quality or mammal populations, tie to state academic standards and are meaningful to the national parks.
The grazing patterns of the Ambororo herders have also created tensions with local Zande farmers, who feel their land is threatened by the pastoralists' cattle.
The cattle have been brought to the island because their grazing patterns provide short tussocky grass, which breeding lapwing prefer for nesting.
However, when the land was sold, grazing rights were separated out: to this present day we have no direct control on the grazing patterns and pressures on the reserve
The Rose Bowl Trophy is awarded to encourage continued good grazing practice and Mr Wood's husbandry is an excellent example of how managing sheep numbers, grazing patterns and health aspects can produce quality ewes, whilst helping to protect the precious heather moorland on which they survive.
This system simulates the ecology of the vast buffalo herds that also exhibited rotational grazing patterns.
Through well-managed crop rotations and grazing patterns, plant and wildlife biodiversity are flourishing.