grazing

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grazing,

grazing

1. actions of herbivorous animals eating growing pasture or cereal crop.
2. area of pasture or cereal crop to be used as standing feed. See also pasture.

grazing behavior
most grazing species prefer grazing in daylight hours and graze as a social or herd unit, all performing the same function at about the same time.
block grazing
see rotational grazing (below).
continuous grazing
the livestock are left in the field for long periods without rotation; a common practice in extensive farming systems where internal parasites are not a problem.
deferred grazing
a field is closed up and not used for grazing for the spring and summer but is then grazed as mature autumn feed. This may be a tactic to provide grazing at a time when pasture is usually in short supply, or it may be to allow a pasture to regenerate. Called also autumn saving.
grazing fee
see agist.
leader-follower grazing
the age group most susceptible to helminth infestation grazes the pasture first and are followed by the less susceptible older groups.
grazing pattern
the way in which each herbivorous species grazes a pasture, including closeness of cropping, preference for grass over clover over browse.
rented grazing
see agist.
rotational grazing
the herd or flock is moved frequently (days to weeks) from field to field in a management system aimed at reducing worm load and increasing production of dry matter. In many circumstances it does neither. Called also block grazing. See also rotation programs.
strip grazing
the field is grazed in strips which are changed every 1 to 3 days. This is done by careful placement of an electric fence so that the grazing strip is moved further and further away from the entrance to the field.
zero grazing
an animal husbandry strategy in which the plant material is harvested daily and fed to livestock in a dry lot. Avoids damage to pasture by cattle walking on it but requires much higher capital investment for harvesting machinery, construction and maintenance.
References in periodicals archive ?
Previous insecticide treatments had also influence in the prevalence, but the grazing pattern was the most influencing factor, so that the prevalence of WFI was higher in those animals maintained in an extensive management system than those kept at home.
Restoring heterogeneity on rangelands: Ecosystem management based on evolutionary grazing patterns.
In several areas, the BLM has worked with private landowners to change grazing patterns or rest BLM land in grazing allotments.
The moveable-cage method, simulation of grazing patterns and intensities by clipping inside temporary cages, and moving animals are alternatives that provide better measures of consumption and are more sensitive to detecting compensatory growth; however, they also have inherent biases that can potentially lead to over- or underestimations of productivity.
The location of a bloom can be determined by factors as fickle as grazing patterns or the site of a cloudburst.
Changes in the vegetative lineup on the range due to weather or grazing patterns.
Toward this goal, Beaverhead manages the cattle's breeding and grazing patterns so that the cattle participate in the natural cycle of harvesting and reseeding.
I enjoyed Greg Judy's "Mob Grazing Made Simple" (August/September 2016), which attributes this method to centuries-old grazing patterns of bison and other ruminants on prairie.
I hope that the controlled burning programme and the grazing patterns we are looking at implementing together will mean that next spring sees greater numbers of red grouse enjoying Hatterrall Hill" She said spring counts tell conservationists how many grouse survived the winter.
In the present study we were unable to distinguish herbivory among mammal species, which would have allowed us to determine how grazing patterns of each herbivore are uniquely affected by the proximity to forest.
The grazing patterns of the Ambororo herders have also created tensions with local Zande farmers, who feel their land is threatened by the pastoralists' cattle.
2003; Chavez and Gese, 2005) are likely more consistently present on year-around grazing allotments relative to seasonal grazing patterns, possibly subsidizing diet of the Luna pack.