grazing

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grazing,

grazing

1. actions of herbivorous animals eating growing pasture or cereal crop.
2. area of pasture or cereal crop to be used as standing feed. See also pasture.

grazing behavior
most grazing species prefer grazing in daylight hours and graze as a social or herd unit, all performing the same function at about the same time.
block grazing
see rotational grazing (below).
continuous grazing
the livestock are left in the field for long periods without rotation; a common practice in extensive farming systems where internal parasites are not a problem.
deferred grazing
a field is closed up and not used for grazing for the spring and summer but is then grazed as mature autumn feed. This may be a tactic to provide grazing at a time when pasture is usually in short supply, or it may be to allow a pasture to regenerate. Called also autumn saving.
grazing fee
see agist.
leader-follower grazing
the age group most susceptible to helminth infestation grazes the pasture first and are followed by the less susceptible older groups.
grazing pattern
the way in which each herbivorous species grazes a pasture, including closeness of cropping, preference for grass over clover over browse.
rented grazing
see agist.
rotational grazing
the herd or flock is moved frequently (days to weeks) from field to field in a management system aimed at reducing worm load and increasing production of dry matter. In many circumstances it does neither. Called also block grazing. See also rotation programs.
strip grazing
the field is grazed in strips which are changed every 1 to 3 days. This is done by careful placement of an electric fence so that the grazing strip is moved further and further away from the entrance to the field.
zero grazing
an animal husbandry strategy in which the plant material is harvested daily and fed to livestock in a dry lot. Avoids damage to pasture by cattle walking on it but requires much higher capital investment for harvesting machinery, construction and maintenance.
References in periodicals archive ?
Between 1978 and 1993, no chan ges were made in the grazing fee formula, but rangeland issues continued to be contentious as illustrated by the Sagebrush Rebellion of 1979-81 (Cawley, 1993) and the privatization debate (Clawson, 1983; Nelson, 1989).
In addition to lost revenues from oil activities, the Federal treasury collects grazing fees from the Little Missouri National Grasslands.
288) The grazing fee formula proved the final sticking point.
After World War II, western anger over federal domination seethed again, reaching the boiling point over federal grazing fees and culminating finally in a Senate bill to privatize the American West.
would codify a grazing fee based on the gross value of livestock and provide a fair rate of return to the government for the forage consumed by livestock.
The grazing fee proposed in the 1994 NPR was similar to the fee proposed in the 1993 ANPR.
There has been little trend in the real grazing fee over the last 30 years [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 2 OMITTED].
According to a grazing fee study by the Departments of Agriculture and Interior released this spring, public land ranchers have paid less than 25 percent of the costs of the federal grazing program over the past 10 years.
It's perversely ironic for rancher Cliven Bundy to excoriate poor people for collecting government subsidies while he rips off the federal government for a million dollars in unpaid grazing fees.
They abort their young children; they put their young men in jail because they never learned how to pick cotton,'' Bundy, a rancher who has been grazing his cattle illegally on federal lands for years, and who owes the government more than $1 million in grazing fees, said last week in a monologue on "the Negro.
Amid the bureau's headline-making standoff with Nevada rancher Cliven Bundy over grazing fees on clearly established public land, which has little in common with the Red River debate, Texas politicos seized on the border angst of state residents.