grazing


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grazing,

grazing

1. actions of herbivorous animals eating growing pasture or cereal crop.
2. area of pasture or cereal crop to be used as standing feed. See also pasture.

grazing behavior
most grazing species prefer grazing in daylight hours and graze as a social or herd unit, all performing the same function at about the same time.
block grazing
see rotational grazing (below).
continuous grazing
the livestock are left in the field for long periods without rotation; a common practice in extensive farming systems where internal parasites are not a problem.
deferred grazing
a field is closed up and not used for grazing for the spring and summer but is then grazed as mature autumn feed. This may be a tactic to provide grazing at a time when pasture is usually in short supply, or it may be to allow a pasture to regenerate. Called also autumn saving.
grazing fee
see agist.
leader-follower grazing
the age group most susceptible to helminth infestation grazes the pasture first and are followed by the less susceptible older groups.
grazing pattern
the way in which each herbivorous species grazes a pasture, including closeness of cropping, preference for grass over clover over browse.
rented grazing
see agist.
rotational grazing
the herd or flock is moved frequently (days to weeks) from field to field in a management system aimed at reducing worm load and increasing production of dry matter. In many circumstances it does neither. Called also block grazing. See also rotation programs.
strip grazing
the field is grazed in strips which are changed every 1 to 3 days. This is done by careful placement of an electric fence so that the grazing strip is moved further and further away from the entrance to the field.
zero grazing
an animal husbandry strategy in which the plant material is harvested daily and fed to livestock in a dry lot. Avoids damage to pasture by cattle walking on it but requires much higher capital investment for harvesting machinery, construction and maintenance.
References in periodicals archive ?
The reports published on rangelands in desert area and grazing effects from Cholistan, Thar and Nara Desert (Malik, 1986; Iqbal and Khan, 2001; Khan and Frost, 2001; Qureshi and Bhatti, 2005; Akhtar and Arshad, 2006) revealed that grazing has great impact on the rangeland in various ways.
In 2006, then-Governor Hoeven helped negotiate the agreement for the initial demonstration project to provide for grazing in the Dakota Prairie Grasslands.
Although the residual treatment of 30 cm did not allow the residual height target to be achieved, results were consistent, especially when we evaluate the difficulty to maintain Mombaca grass pastures at high grazing intensities, due to the resistance of animals to consume the forage mass from the lower strata at the end of the occupation period and to the intake limitations imposed by the lower nutritive value and structure unfavorable to the seizure of forage by the animals.
Therefore, despite similar temperatures in the two periods, radiation and rainfall can significantly affect grazing behavior (Figure 2).
I don't want to get bogged down in electric fencing types; my purpose here is to promote the movement of grazing animals because it's key to their health.
Three types of feeding systems (grazing, partial grazing and stall feeding) were identified in the study area.
We picked the name as we have [in Llantwit Major] the Farmers Barns, Farmers Pantry and the The Grazing Shed fitted in with the rural community.
The charity emphasises that the benefits of conservation grazing are not just for wildlife but for people too.
She noted that grazing fees were seldom charged until Congress passed the Taylor Grazing Act of 1934, but the Supreme Court had upheld its right to collect such fees 23 years earlier: "Congress has not conferred upon citizens the right to graze stock upon the public lands," the court ruled in 1911.
Northumberland County Council has revealed it had to euthanise 13 horses which it recently seized after they were found to be illegally grazing, due to the owner not coming forward to reclaim them and inability to find them new homes.
There's this attitude among some groups that if it can be grazed, it must be grazed, and if someone wants to put sheep or cattle on it, we must allow it," says Andy Kerr, a self-described environmental agitator whose work includes helping conservation groups buy public lands grazing permits from ranchers.
Prescribed livestock grazing is commonly proposed as a low-cost, if not profitable, option to manage weedy species on rangelands.