gravid uterus


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grav·id u·ter·us

the condition of the uterus in pregnancy.

gravid uterus

Etymology: L, gravidus, pregnant, uterus, womb
a pregnant uterus.

grav·id u·ter·us

(grav'id yū'tĕr-ŭs)
The condition of the uterus in pregnancy.

uterus

(ut'e-rus) [L. uterus, womb]
Enlarge picture
UTERUS: Uterus and its ligaments seen laparoscopically (×1/3)
The reproductive organ for containing and nourishing the embryo and fetus from the time the fertilized egg is implanted to when the fetus is born. Synonym: womb See: illustration; genitalia, female for illus.

Anatomy

The uterus is a muscular, hollow, pear-shaped organ situated in the midpelvis between the sacrum and the pubic symphysis. Before child-bearing, it is about 3 in. (7.5 cm) long, 2 in. (5 cm) wide, and 1 in. ( 2.5 cm) thick. Its upper surface is covered by the perimetrium, and it is supported by the pelvic diaphragm supplemented by the two broad ligaments, two round ligaments, and two uterosacral ligaments. It is usually tilted forward over the top of the urinary bladder. The upper portion of the uterus, between the openings of the fallopian tubes, is the fundus; the large central portion is the body; and the narrow lower end is the cervix, which projects into the vagina. The cavity of the uterus is widest in the fundus. The canal of the cervix is narrow, opens into the uterine cavity at the internal os, and into the vagina at the external os.

The wall of the uterus consists of the outer perimetrium, middle myometrium, and inner endometrium. The uterine and ovarian arteries supply blood to the uterus.

Positions

Anteflexion: The uterus bends forward. Anteversion: The fundus is displaced forward toward the pubis, while the cervix is tilted up toward the sacrum. Retroflexion: The uterus bends backward at the junction of the body and the cervix. Retroversion: The uterus inclines backward with retention of the normal curve; this position is the opposite of anteversion.

See: hysterectomy; pregnancy

uterus acollis

A uterus without a cervix.

uterus arcuatus

A uterus with a depressed arched fundus.

uterus bicornis

A uterus in which the fundus is divided into two parts.

uterus biforis

A uterus in which the external os is divided into two parts by a septum.

uterus bilocularis

A uterus in which the cavity is divided into two parts by a partition.

bipartite uterus

A uterus in which the body is partially divided by a median septum.

uterus cordiformis

A heart-shaped uterus.

Couvelaire uterus

See: Couvelaire uterus

uterus didelphys

Double uterus.

double uterus

A congenital anomaly in which abnormalities in the formation of the müllerian ducts result in a duplication of the uterus, a uterus with a divided cavity, or sometimes, two copies of the cervix or vagina. Synonym: dimetria; uterus didelphys

uterus duplex

A double uterus resulting from failure of union of müllerian ducts.

fetal uterus

A uterus that is retarded in development and possesses an extremely long cervical canal.

gravid uterus

A pregnant uterus.

host uterus

The uterus of a woman who serves as a surrogate mother for a couple who want their fertilized egg carried to term.

uterus masculinus

The prostatic utricle.

uterus parvicollis

A normal uterus with a disproportionately small cervix.

pubescent uterus

An adult uterus that resembles that of a prepubertal female.

tipped uterus

Malposition of the uterus, and for symptoms thought to arise from that condition..

uterus unicornis

A uterus possessing only one lateral half and usually having only one uterine tube. About 20% to 30% of women who have this structural abnormality also experience repeated spontaneous abortion during early pregnancy.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, pregnant women often demonstrate maternal hydronephrosis greater on the right due to compression of the ureters by the gravid uterus.
32) Contrast-enhanced CT is performed to diagnose traumatic injury to the mother and may also diagnose traumatic injury to the gravid uterus (22,31,33) (Figure 8).
Gravid uterus in an umbilical hernia--a report of two cases.
Successful pregnancy outcome after Caesarean section in a case of gravid uterus growing in an incisional hernia of the anterior abdominal wall.
Compared with the vaginal or laparotomic approach, the laparoscopic method provides less trauma to the gravid uterus and unparalleled visual and mechanical access to the key anatomical structures either incorporated or potentially injured during cervicoisthmic cerclage.
The risk of incidental trauma to the gravid uterus is minimized by using open laparoscopy to attain peritoneal access.
The gravid uterus can move in the abdominal cavity (5-11) and aortocaval compression is probably a major cause for hypotension at caesarean delivery (5-10).
Diagnosis is confounded by "normal" causes of abdominopelvic pain during pregnancy, physiologic leukocytosis, and the fact that the gravid uterus may cause the appendix to shift superiorly, (11) which distorts the classic clinical presentation.
Ideally, it should be performed by 12 weeks' gestation, at a point when the risk of spontaneous first trimester loss is minimal but there is still enough space to safely manipulate and work around the gravid uterus, according to Dr.
The cardiologist encountered some difficulty in passing catheters through the venous system, which appeared to be due to compression of the vessels by the gravid uterus.
The gravid uterus is the strongest, most massive muscle in the human body.
The patient should be placed in a left lateral tilting position during the second and third trimesters to displace the gravid uterus and to enhance urinary output.