granulosa cells


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Related to granulosa cells: Theca cells

granulosa cells

Epithelial cells that surround the oocyte in developing ovarian follicles.
References in periodicals archive ?
For this study, primordial follicles were defined as those containing single layer of flattened granulosa cells surrounding the oocyte (30-50 [micro]m), primary follicles as those with single layer of cuboidal granulosa cells (50-90 [micro]m), and secondary follicles as those with two or more layers of cuboidal granulosa cells and no antrum (100-150 [micro]m).
The decreased numbers of apoptotic granulosa cells in the ovary were observed in gilts treated with ZEA in a dose-dependent manner in the present study.
Call-Exner bodies is the name given to small follicular structures seen in granulosa cell tumours (GCTs), as they resemble the immature follicles first described by Call and Exner in the ovaries of rabbits in 1875.
Lead reduces messenger RNA and protein levels of cytochrome p450 aromatase and estrogen receptor p in human ovarian granulosa cells.
Anti-ZP Abs may give rise to follicle loss and premature ovarian failure because they impair zona pellucida formation in developing follicles and formation of gap junctions between the oocyte and granulosa cells (16,40).
8) That gene is a transcription factor essential to the development of granulosa cells and is the earliest marker of ovarian differentiation in mammals.
Juvenile granulosa cells are typically positive for inhibin.
Modulation by insulin of follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone actions in human granulosa cells of normal and polycystic ovaries.
The primordial follicle, a single layer of squamous shaped granulosa cells, surrounds oocytes.
Culture of Primary Ovarian Granulosa Cells in Vitro