synovitis

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synovitis

 [sin″o-vi´tis]
inflammation of a synovial membrane, usually painful, particularly on motion, and characterized by fluctuating swelling, due to effusion in a synovial sac. It may be caused by rheumatic fever, rheumatoid arthritis, tuberculosis, trauma, gout, or other conditions.
Events involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid synovitis progress from left to right. M = macrophage; T = T lymphocyte; B = B lymphocyte; P = plasma cell; IL = interleukin; TNF-α = tumor necrosis factor α; TGF-β = transforming growth factor β; GM-CSF = granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor; RF = rheumatoid factor; PGE2 = prostaglandin E2; C = complement. From Goldman and Bennett, 2000.
dry synovitis synovitis with little effusion.
purulent synovitis synovitis with effusion of pus in a synovial sac.
serous synovitis synovitis with copious nonpurulent effusion.
synovitis sic´ca dry synovitis.
simple synovitis synovitis with clear or slightly turbid effusion.
tendinous synovitis inflammation of a tendon sheath.
villonodular synovitis proliferation of synovial tissue, especially of the knee joint, composed of synovial villi and fibrous nodules infiltrated by giant cells and macrophages.

syn·o·vi·tis

(sin'ō-vī'tis),
Inflammation of a synovial membrane, especially that of a joint; in general, when unqualified, the same as arthritis.
[synovia + G. -itis, inflammation]

synovitis

/syno·vi·tis/ (sin″o-vi´tis) inflammation of a synovial membrane, usually painful, particularly on motion, and characterized by fluctuating swelling, due to effusion in a synovial sac.
dry synovitis , synovitis sic´ca that with little effusion.
simple synovitis  that with clear or but slightly turbid effusion.
tendinous synovitis  tenosynovitis.
villonodular synovitis  proliferation of synovial tissue, especially of the knee joint, composed of synovial villi and fibrous nodules infiltrated by giant cells and macrophages.

synovitis

(sī′nə-vī′tĭs)
n.
Inflammation of a synovial membrane.

synovitis

[sin′əvī′tis]
an inflammatory condition of the synovial membrane of a joint as the result of an aseptic wound or a traumatic injury, such as a sprain or severe strain. The knee is most commonly affected. Fluid accumulates around the capsule; the joint is swollen, tender, and painful; and motion is restricted. In most cases, the inflammation subsides and the fluid is resorbed without medical or surgical intervention.

synovitis

Orthopedics Inflammation of a synovial joint. See Dendritic synovitis, Florid synovitis, Pigmented villonodular synovitis, Toxic synovitis.

syn·o·vi·tis

(sin'ō-vī'tis)
Inflammation of a synovial membrane, especially that of a joint. In general, when unqualified, the same as arthritis.
[synovia + G. -itis, inflammation]

synovitis

Inflammation of the SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE.

Synovitis

Inflammation of the synovium, a membrane found inside joints.

synovitis

inflammation of synovial membrane
  • generalized synovitis of joints/tendon sheaths, strongly associated with rheumatoid arthritis

  • isolated synovitis synovitis of one joint, e.g. first metatarsophalangeal joint, due to osteoarthritis or trauma (see toes, turf)

syn·o·vi·tis

(sin'ŏ-vī'tis)
Inflammation of a synovial membrane.
[synovia + G. -itis, inflammation]

synovitis (sin´əvī´tis),

n an inflammatory condition of the synovial membrane of a joint as the result of an aseptic wound or a traumatic injury, such as a sprain or severe strain.

synovitis

inflammation of a synovial membrane, usually painful, particularly on motion, and characterized by fluctuating swelling, due to effusion in a synovial sac.

dry synovitis
synovitis with little effusion.
granulomatous synovitis
see granulomatous synovitis/arthritis.
infectious avian synovitis
an infectious disease of broiler chickens and young turkeys caused by Mycoplasma synoviae and manifested by acute or chronic exudative synovitis, tenosynovitis or bursitis. The birds are lame, the joints are often swollen and there is difficulty in moving and in maintaining a standing posture.
lymphocytic synovitis
see lymphocytic-plasmacytic synovitis (below).
lymphocytic-plasmacytic synovitis
an immune-mediated inflammatory joint disease seen most often in the stifle of dogs, with signs of joint laxity and instability resembling rupture of the cranial cruciate ligament. The synovial membrane is greatly thickened.
purulent synovitis
synovitis with effusion of pus in a synovial sac.
serous synovitis
synovitis with copious nonpurulent, serous effusion.
synovitis sicca
dry synovitis.
simple synovitis
synovitis with clear or slightly turbid effusion.
tendinous synovitis
inflammation of a tendon sheath.
villonodular synovitis
proliferation of synovial tissue, especially of the knee joint, composed of synovial villi and fibrous nodules infiltrated by giant cells and macrophages.