Acanthamoeba infection of the central nervous system causes chronic granulomatous amebic encephalitis
(GAE), and is usually associated with patients having a pre-existing condition such as AIDS, or other chronic illnesses which contribute to an immunocompromised state.
mandrillaris, a species of small, free-living, aerobic amebae, has been reported as a cause of granulomatous amebic encephalitis
Granulomatous amebic encephalitis in a patient with AIDS: isolation ofAcanthamoeba sp.
Inability to make a premortem diagnosis of Acanthamoeba species infection in a patient with fatal granulomatous amebic encephalitis.
These protozoa have been implicated in local infections, such as amebic keratitis, mainly in immunocompetent contact lens wearers, and in the mostly fatal, granulomatous amebic encephalitis
in immunocompromised patients with HIV/ AIDS and immunosuppressant-treated patients, including organ transplant recipients (2-4).
Infection with Acanthamoeba, a free-living ameba, is a rare cause of slowly progressive granulomatous amebic encephalitis
(GAE) in immunocompromised patients.
are free-living amebae that cause granulomatous amebic encephalitis
(GAE), most often in immunocompromised hosts, including HIV/AIDS and organ transplant patients and those receiving immunosuppressive medication (1).
To the Editor: Balamuthia mandrillaris, a free-living soil ameba, can cause granulomatous amebic encephalitis
as well as nasopharyngeal, cutaneous, and disseminated infections in humans, nonhuman primates, and other animals.