granule cells


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Related to granule cells: Pyramidal cells

gran·ule cells

1. small nerve cell bodies in the external and internal granular layers of the cerebral cortex;
2. small nerve cell bodies in the granular layer of the cerebellar cortex.

gran·ule cells

(gran'yūl selz)
1. Small nerve cell bodies in the external and internal granular layers of the cerebral cortex.
2. Small nerve cell bodies in the granular layer of the cerebellar cortex.
References in periodicals archive ?
5 cells/section) was observed in the SGZ, and some of them were detected in the granule cell layer [Figure 3]g, [Figure 3]h, [Figure 3]i, [Figure 3]j.
38,39) Of these, precursors of the granule cells and cerebellar nuclei cells, after leaving the upper rhombic lip, migrate tangentially through a subpial stream, (9,38-40) while unipolar brush cells appear to migrate through the white matter (41) before settling in the inner granule cell layer of the cerebellar cortex (Fig.
12) During embryonic development of rat cerebellum, granule cells arise between embryonic days 13 and 15, their precursors proliferate in the external granular layer (EGL) and migrate to the internal granular layer over the first postnatal three weeks.
JC virus granule cell neuronopathy: a novel clinical syndrome distinct from progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy.
Primary cultures of cerebellar neurons enriched in granule cells were prepared from cerebella of 8-d-old SD rats as previously reported (Han et al.
85,86) In cerebellar granule cells (CGC), these compounds effectively prevent cell death caused by MeHg intoxication as well as improve cell migration.
There is a region of tissue just under the granule cell layer in which new neurons constantly are being generated.
The reduction in the thickness of the ML in the irradiated animals in not very clear but neuronal cell death in the GL or delayed parallel fibre formation caused by delayed granule cell formation could have affected the density of unmyelinated parallel fibres in the ML.
SDF-1, a chemokine with a G protein coupled receptor, or BDNF, act as chemoattractants for cerebellar granule cells, with SDF-1 action being selectively inhibited by soluble EphB receptor.
OB output is thus shaped by the two major classes of interneurons: the periglomerular cells (PGs) and the granule cells (GCs).