sugar

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sugar

 [shoog´ar]
a sweet carbohydrate of either animal or vegetable origin; the two principal groups are the disaccharides and the monosaccharides.
beet sugar sucrose from sugar beets.
blood sugar
1. glucose occurring in the blood.
2. the amount of glucose in the blood.
cane sugar sucrose from sugar cane.
fruit sugar fructose.
invert sugar a mixture of equal amounts of dextrose and fructose, obtained by hydrolyzing sucrose; used in solution as a parenteral nutrient.

sug·ar

(shu'găr), Avoid the colloquial substitution of this word for glucose unless the meaning is clear from the context.
One of the sugars, which see, pharmaceutical forms are compressible sugar and confectioner's sugar.
See also: sugars.
[G. sakcharon; L. saccharum]

sugar

/sug·ar/ (shoog´er) any of a class of sweet water-soluble carbohydrates, the monosaccharides and smaller oligosaccharides; often specifically sucrose.
blood sugar  glucose occurring in the blood, or the amount of glucose in the blood.
invert sugar  a mixture of equal amounts of dextrose and fructose, obtained by hydrolyzing sucrose; used in solution as a parenteral nutrient.

sugar

(sho͝og′ər)
n.
1. A sweet crystalline or powdered substance, white when pure, consisting of sucrose obtained mainly from sugarcane and sugar beets and used in many foods, drinks, and medicines to improve their taste. Also called table sugar.
2. Any of a class of water-soluble crystalline carbohydrates, including sucrose and lactose, having a characteristically sweet taste and classified as monosaccharides, disaccharides, and trisaccharides.

sug′ar·er n.

sugar

[shoo͡g′ər]
Etymology: Gk, sakcharon
any of several water-soluble simple carbohydrates. The principal categories of sugars are monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides. A monosaccharide is a single sugar, such as glucose, fructose, or galactose. A disaccharide is a double sugar, such as sucrose (table sugar) or lactose. A polysaccharide is a sugar made up of repeating units of glucose, such as cellulose, starch, and glycogen. Sugars play an important role in biology by either forming conjugates with other biomolecules (e.g., glycoproteins) or by mediating cell surface recognition events (e.g., bacterial or viral binding to cells). See also carbohydrate, fructose, galactose, glucose, saccharide, sucrose.

sugar

A water-soluble, crystallizable carbohydrate that is the primary source of energy and structural components. See Amino sugar, Non-reducing sugar, Reducing sugar.

sug·ar

(shug'ăr)
Colloquial usage for sucrose; pharmaceutic forms include compressible sugar and confectioner's sugar.
See also: sugars
[G. sakcharon; L. saccharum]

sugar

a simple form of CARBOHYDRATE, formed of MONOSACCHARIDE units. Such molecules can exist in either a straight chain or a ring form. The straight chain contains a C=O group; if this group is terminal the sugar has the properties of an aldehyde (aldose sugar), if nonterminal the sugar acts as a ketone (ketose sugar). Both aldose and ketose sugars can be oxidized and will reduce alkaline copper solutions (see FEHLING'S TEST, BENEDICT'S TEST). They are thus called REDUCING SUGARS. Several disaccharides such as maltose and lactose are also reducing sugars. Sucrose, however, is a nonreducing sugar in which the linkage of glucose and fructose masks the potential aldehyde group of glucose and the potential ketone group of fructose, so that no reduction occurs in the Fehling's and Benedict's tests.

The backbone of the sugar can be of varying lengths, containing as little as three carbons (triose sugars) but, more commonly five carbons (pentose sugar) and six carbons (hexose sugars).

sugar

the colloquial term for sucrose. Commercial table sugar comes from either sugar cane or sugar beet. Chemically, the term sugars includes sucrose and other disaccharides (maltose, lactose) and also the simple sugars, the monosaccharides (pentoses, hexoses).

sugar

carbohydrates (saccharides) acting as energy sources; general composition (CH2O)n e.g. glucose (C6H12O6); polymerize to form major constituents of bacterial cell walls and mucoproteins

sug·ar

(shug'ăr)
One of the sugars, e.g., confectioners' sugar.
[G. sakcharon; L. saccharum]

sugar,

n one of a number of water-soluble carbohydrates. Sugars are divided into two major categories,
monosaccharides and
disaccharides. Table sugar or sucrose is the principal disaccharide; glucose or blood sugar is the principal monosaccharide.
sugar alcohols,
n.pl the nutritive sweeteners found in most grains, fruits, and vegetables that undergo natural fermentation as they are broken down by oral bacteria; not directly linked to the development of dental caries but may cause diarrhea if ingested in excessive amounts.

sugar

a sweet carbohydrate of both animal and vegetable origin, the two principal groups of which are the disaccharides and the monosaccharides. Unless qualified, e.g. fruit sugar, milk sugar, usually refers to sucrose.

sugar beet
see betavulgaris.
sugar beet pulp
see beet pulp.
sugar beet tops
see betavulgaris.
sugar cane
as such is not fed but molasses and the pith, bagasse, are fed (Camola is a feed composed of 4 parts pith and 10 parts molasses). Sugar cane may contain sufficient cyanogenetic glycoside to cause poisoning if the appropriate enzyme is also supplied.
sugar fecal centrifugation
using Sheather's solution; standard procedure for examination of feces for parasite eggs.
sugar gum
eucalyptuscladoclyx.
invert sugar
a sugar obtained by hydrolyzing sucrose; a mixture of glucose and fructose. Called invert sugar because sucrose is dextrorotary—the mixture is levorotary. Used as a parenteral nutrient. Called also invertose.
sugar of lead
lead acetate, used in the preparation of white lotion. Occurs naturally on weathered paintwork and is attractive and poisonous to animals.
sugar of milk
see lactose.

Patient discussion about sugar

Q. how high is to high sugar I have been to surgry 3 times in 2 months and I have had my sugar go over before but not like this. I went to the Dr and Hes not worried about it. In the morning it is running 124 to 143 and 2 hrs after I eat it is running 165 to 200. At the Dr office it only showed 5.6 and He said 6.5 and over is bad! I have never sugar this high ever! It is in the family, my Mom, her Mom, her Dad ECT. What do you all think about it!

A. It seems what the doctor was referring to at the office wasn't the blood glucose (sugar) measurements but rather HbA1c - a substance in the blood that reflects the sugar levels in the PAST 8-12 weeks. Surgery is a substantial stress to your body and thus can increase your blood sugar. The A1C reflects the average levels during that time so it may overcome the temporary elevation due to the surgery.

You may read more here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HbA1c

Q. Is there any difference in sugar. Is there any difference in sugar between flavored milk and fruit drinks or carbonated soft drinks?

A. Yes …Flavored milk contains both natural and added sugars and has less added sugar than carbonated soft drinks. It has been found that flavored milk just contributes only 2-4 % of total added sugar in kid’s diets as compared to 50-60 percent or more by soft and fruit drinks.

Q. i have high sugar problem .. how can i reduce it to a normal levels? and what medications can help me?

A. You can watch your diet and limit the amount of sugar you consume (avoid sugar containing food and drinks). In addition, watching your weight and limiting the fat and carbohydrates in your diet is also very helpful. Daily physical activity is known to be very helpful for glucose level problems, and of course medication, if necessary. You should consult a doctor about which medications to take, depending on your glucose levels. It can be either pills or insulin injections.

More discussions about sugar
References in periodicals archive ?
Total quantity or scope: framework agreement: acquisition min and max 295 900 267 300 pcs pcs chicken eggs, min and max 10189 kg 9198 kg chicken thighs, min of 12540 kg and 13173 kg Maximum husked rice, min and max of 17600 kg 19304 kg granulated sugar subsequent contract: acquisition min and max of 14580 pcs 16140 pcs chicken eggs, min and max 311 kg 289 kg chicken thighs, min of 707 kg and 742 kg maximum husked rice, min and max 1126 kg 1029 kg granulated sugar
Remove from the oven and turn out on to waxed paper sprinkled with Golden Granulated sugar.
In bowl of an electric stand mixer, mix oil, granulated sugar, flour, cocoa powder, eggs, vanilla and baking powder, until a soft dough forms.
Whirl or beat nuts with butter, 1/2 cup granulated sugar, and vanilla until blended.
Sugarshots products are natural and contain none of the manufacturing aids used in granulated sugars to eliminate moisture and prevent caking.
In a medium bowl whisk together the eggs, light corn syrup, honey, granulated sugar, light brown sugar, melted butter, bourbon, all-purpose flour, vanilla extract, nutmeg, and cinnamon and blend until the mixture is smooth.
Shape dough into 1-inch balls; roll in granulated sugar and place 2 inches apart on ungreased cookie sheets.
1/4 cup simple syrup (made by heating equal parts water and granulated sugar over high heat until dissolved; or substitute honey)
In a small mixing bowl, beat cream cheese, granulated sugar and vanilla until smooth.
To make Strawberry-Rhubarb Sauce, in a saucepan over medium heat, bring granulated sugar, water and rhubarb to a boil.
For the slow baked apples: 5 ounces granulated sugar 5 ounces butter, chopped 12 Red Delicious apples, peeled, cored and coarsely chopped 1/8 cup ground cinnamon For the puff pastry discs: 1 pound frozen puff pastry Simple syrup, as heeded For the crumble: 4 1/2 ounces all-purpose flour 3 ounces granulated sugar 3 ounces Putter Pinch salt For the cranberries: 7 ounces fresh cranberries 2 ounces granulated sugar For the whipped cream: 1 pint heavy cream 2 ounces granulated sugar For the garnish: Tempered chocolate discs
Add 1/4 cup palm sugar or granulated sugar and continue to stir-fry until sugar is dissolved and starts to caramelize, 1 to 2 minutes.