stone

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Related to granite: marble, syenite

stone

 [stōn]
2. a unit of weight in Great Britain, the equivalent of 14 pounds (avoirdupois), or about 6.34 kg.
kidney stone see kidney stone.

stone

(stōn),
1. Synonym(s): calculus
2. A British unit of weight for the human body, equal to 14 pounds.
[A.S. stān]

stone

(stōn)
2. a unit of weight in Great Britain, the equivalent of 14 pounds (avoirdupois), or about 6.34 kg.

stone

(stōn)
n.
An abnormal concretion in the body, usually formed of mineral salts and most commonly found in the gallbladder, kidney, or urinary bladder; a calculus.

stone

See calculus.
An indurated material, generally composed of crystallised minerals, or, less commonly, organic materials—e.g., bile, cholesterol

stone

Concrement Medtalk An indurated material, generally composed of crystallized minerals, les commonly, organic materials–eg, bile, cholesterol. See Bladder stone, Gallstone, Kidney stone, Magnesium ammonium phosphate stone, Salivary duct stone.

stone

(stōn)
1. Synonym(s): calculus.
2. A British unit of weight for the human body, equal to 14 lb. or 6.36 kg.
[A.S. stān]

stone

(stōn)
1. Synonym(s): calculus.
2. An abrading instrument.
3. A British unit of weight for the human body, equal to 14 pounds.
[A.S. stān]

stone,

n an abrading instrument or tool.
stone, Arkansas,
n.pr a fine-grained stone, novaculite, used to make hones for the final sharpening of instruments.
stone, artificial,
n (dental stone), a specially calcined gypsum derivative similar to plaster of paris. Because its grains are nonporous, the product is stronger than plaster of paris.
stone, Carborundum
n.pr 1. a stone made of silicon carbide.
2. an abrasive, handpiece-mounted rotary instrument of various sizes, shapes, and degrees of abrasiveness.
stone, dental,
n (Hydrocal), 1. α-hemihydrate of calcium sulfate.
2. a gypsum product that, when combined with water in proper proportions, hardens in a plasterlike form. Used for making casts and dies.
stone, diamond,
n rotary instruments containing diamond chips as the abrasive. Available in various sizes, shapes, and abrasive consistency. Used for tooth reduction in operative dentistry and crown and bridge prostheses, tooth contouring in the occlusal adjustment procedure, and osseous and gingival contouring in periodontal surgery.
stone die,
stone, lathe,
n (lathe wheel), a grindstone mounted on a chuck and used on a lathe.
stone, mounted point,
n a small abrasive tooth of various shape and size bonded or cemented onto a shaft or mandrel.
stone, pulp,
n See denticle.
stone, rotary,
n the stone in a mandrel-mounted (power-driven) sharpening instrument.
stone, sharpening,
n a hand stone, or a stone driven mechanically, that is used to sharpen instruments.
stones, sharpening cone,
n.pl cylindrical or rounded rectangular stones used to sharpen curved blades.
stone, wheel,
n a small grindstone of Carborundum or corundum of various grit, mounted on a mandrel; of various thickness, ranging in diameter from ½ to 1 inch (1.3 to 2.5 cm).

stone

1. a calculus.
2. a unit of weight, equivalent in the English system to 14 lb avoirdupois.

milk stone
see milk stone.
stone searcher
see searcher (2).

Patient discussion about stone

Q. Why do i get kidney stones? I am 38 and have had three stones pass so far. Is it the coffee, the meat, the stress, or the damned DNA?! My uncle is in his 50s and has passed over 30 stones!

A. Kidney stones are very common and even without the genetic or familial background people tend to get them. Of course, the more family predisposition you have, the higher are your chances of developing them, which is probably why you did. Also, a diet rich with dairy and calcium can cause your body to store excess calcium, that tends to calcify and create stones. Not drinking enough fluid is also one of the reasons.

Q. how do i cure tonsil stones (tonsiloth)?

A. There are very little literature about this subject, but I heard about treatment in which the crypts (deep and narrow grooves on the tongue in which the stones form) are burned with laser.

As far as I know these stones don't cause damage by themselves so it's not such a common treatment.

You may read more here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tonsillolith

Q. Would kidney stones affect a PSA reading? Would drinking lots of grapefruit juice affect a PSA reading? My husband's PSA reading jumped from a 4.2 to a 17 in @ 2 years' time. How can that be? This man takes all sorts of supplements and really watches his diet. He also takes good care of his body, and does NOT look or act 68.

A. You should get your parathyroid gland checked out. Your calcium level might be causing the kidney stones.

More discussions about stone
References in classic literature ?
The lodge was a ruin of black granite and bared ribs of rafters, but facing it was a new building, half constructed, the first fruit of Sir Charles's South African gold.
To right and left of the turrets were more modern wings of black granite.
In that granite book, begun by the Orient, continued by Greek and Roman antiquity, the Middle Ages wrote the last page.
No doubt, when one contemplates these two Bibles, laid so broadly open in the centuries, it is permissible to regret the visible majesty of the writing of granite, those gigantic alphabets formulated in colonnades, in pylons, in obelisks, those sorts of human mountains which cover the world and the past, from the pyramid to the bell tower, from Cheops to Strasburg.
Aramis, animated, active and young as at twenty, sprang towards the triple mass, and with his hands, delicate as those of a woman, raised by a miracle of strength the corner-stone of this great granite grave.
The entrance to it was marked by two lofty towers of granite, which guarded a flight of steps leading to the buried city.
He found the narrow cleft leading downward into the heart of the kopje along well-worn, granite steps.
The floor of the chamber was of concrete, the walls of smooth granite, upon which strange figures of men and beasts were carved.
Sitting down on a block of granite, it was delightful to watch the various insects and birds as they flew past.
An out-cropping of decomposed granite not far from Numa suggested ammunition of a much more painful nature.
As soon as the day began to break I put on my shoes and climbed a hill -- the ruggedest scramble I ever undertook-- falling, the whole way, between big blocks of granite, or leaping from one to another.
She had houses in all the hamlets, she worked quarries of granite, she freighted coasters with stone--even traded with the Channel Islands.