grand mal


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Related to grand mal: petit mal

mal

 [mal] (Fr. and Sp.)
mal de Meleda symmetrical keratosis of the palms and soles associated with a dry, scaly thickening of the wrists and ankles.
mal de mer seasickness.

gen·er·al·ized ton·ic-clo·nic sei·zure

a generalized seizure characterized by the sudden onset of tonic contraction of the muscles often associated with a cry or moan, and frequently resulting in a fall to the ground. The tonic phase of the seizure gradually give way to clonic convulsive movements occurring bilaterally and synchronously before slowing and eventually stopping, followed by a variable period of unconsciousness and gradual recovery.

grand mal

(grahn mal) [Fr.] see under epilepsy.

gen·er·al·ized ton·ic-clo·nic sei·zure

, generalized tonic-clonic epilepsy (jen'ĕr-ă-līzd ton'ik-klon'ik sē'zhŭr, ep'i-lep'sē)
A generalized seizure characterized by the sudden onset of tonic contraction of the muscles often associated with a cry or moan, and frequently resulting in a fall to the ground. The tonic phase of the seizure gradually gives way to clonic convulsive movements occurring bilaterally and synchronously before slowing and eventually stopping, followed by a variable period of unconsciousness and gradual recovery.
Synonym(s): grand mal.

grand mal

A major epileptic seizure. The fit may include a prodromal stage, an AURA, a tonic stage with sudden contraction of all muscles, a clonic stage in which the muscles undergo a succession of convulsive jerky contractions, and a period of unconsciousness or sleep.

epilepsy

chronic neurological disorder characterized by variable episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction (i.e. a fit), altered levels of consciousness and excessive neuronal discharge and/or convulsions followed by a period of sleepiness; fits are controlled by antiepileptic drugs, e.g. carbamazepine (Tegretol), gabapentin (Neurontin), phenytoin (Epanutin), pregabalin (Lyrica), sodium valproate (Epilim); local anaesthetic drugs within the systemic circulation agonize antiepileptic medications
  • focal epilepsy; cortical epilepsy seizure often preceded by a specific sensory phenomenon (aura), and characterized by isolated disturbance of cerebral function, e.g. uncontrollable twitching of one limb, and followed by some degree of subsequent temporary mental dysfunction

  • generalized epilepsy; grand mal epilepsy a classic epileptic seizure often preceded by a brief, specific sensory phenomenon (aura), and characterized by a sudden loss of consciousness, cyanosis and tonic muscular spasm (lasting approximately 30 seconds), followed by repetitive clonic body jerking, (lasting for a few minutes), with frothing at the mouth and urinary incontinence after which the patient remains unconscious or semiconscious and flaccid for several minutes; the patient may remain drowsy or confused for some time after the seizure has passed

  • petit mal epilepsy characterized by short period of 'absence', during which the patient does not become unconscious or suffer muscular spasms but is temporarily non-reactive to and unaware of his or her surroundings or actions

  • temporal-lobe epilepsy; psychomotor epilepsy attacks characterized by impaired consciousness and amnesia, clonic limb movements, hallucinations or other psychic disturbances

  • tonic epilepsy seizure characterized by tonic convulsions and rigidity

grand mal

[Fr.] a major seizure attended by loss of consciousness and convulsive movements, as distinguished from petit mal, a minor seizure. See also epilepsy, seizure.
References in periodicals archive ?
During a grand mal seizure, the person falls down unconscious and the entire body stiffens and then twitches or jerks uncontrollably.
Whether it is a Grand Mal or an Absence seizure, it is so scary to see someone who is there with you 100% the one minute--and then instantly fall to the ground or stare into space the next.
One is to request help immediately and the other is a "Seizure Warning" feature for those that frequently have auras (simple-partial seizures) that don't always lead to a convulsive grand mal seizure.
Ferrer s'est impose en deux sets (6/3, 7/5) et un peu moins de deux heures de jeu au terme d'un match au cours duquel les deux joueurs ont eu le plus grand mal a s'imposer sur leur engagement.
I have two daily and one type, the bigger tonic-clonic seizure, sometimes known as grand mal, which this one was.
As time progressed, she would have either a mild seizure or'a grand mal type.
His mother Ericha began a campaign in October 2013 to raise $13,000 in order to obtain a seizure alert service dog to help her son, who experiences grand mal seizures.
Or that grand mal seizure suffered on a bar Stool in some dim beer joint
When those seizures began to repeat every 3 or 4 days, he attended a neurology outpatient clinic where he was diagnosed with grand mal epilepsy.
Elizabeth's IQ dropped 90 points: profound retardation as a result of countless petit mal and grand mal seizures.
Une situation que le milieu offensif, aujourd'hui prete a Schalke 04, a le plus grand mal a vivre, comme il l'a confie sur le site officiel de l'agence qui le represente Sport Promotion.