grain


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

grain

 [grān]
1. a seed, especially of a cereal plant.
2. the smallest unit in the apothecaries' and avoirdupois systems, equal to 0.065 of a gram; abbreviated gr.

grain

(grān),
1. One of the cereal plants, or its seed.
2. A hard, minute particle of any substance, for example, sand.
3. A unit of weight equivalent to 0.064799 grain [For other equivalents, see appendix, Weights and Measures].
4. A macroscopically visible cluster of organisms living in tissue of patients with actinomycosis or mycetoma.
5. A particle of a silver halide in a photographic emulsion.
[L. granum]

grain (gr)

Etymology: L, granum, seed
the smallest unit of mass in avoirdupois, troy, and apothecaries' weights formerly based on the weight of a plump grain of wheat. The grain is the same and is equal to 65 mg. The troy and apothecaries' ounces contain 480 grains; the avoirdupois ounce contains 437.5 grains.

grain

(1) An obsolete, non-SI (International System) unit of weight formerly used by pharmacists, equal to 0.0648 g. 
(2) A nonspecific term for any granule particle (e.g., a psammoma body), seen by light microscopy; the term is no longer used in pathology.
(3) A cereal plant—e.g., barley, oat, wheat—or seed thereof.

grain

(gr) (grān)
1. Cereal plants (e.g., corn, wheat, or rye), or a seed of one of them.
2. A minute, hard particle of any substance, as of sand.
3. A unit of weight, 1/60 dram (apoth. or troy), 1/437.5 avoirdupois ounce, 1/480 troy ounce, 1/5760 troy pound, 1/7000 avoirdupois pound; the equivalent of 0.064799 gram.
[L. granum]

grain

(gr) (grān)
1. One of the cereal plants, or its seed.
2. A hard, minute particle of any substance, e.g., sand.
3. The grain is obsolete as a unit in dentistry, medicine, pharmacy, and nursing. Avoid abbreviationgr, which is subject to frequent misinterpretation. A unit of weight equivalent to 64.79 mg.
4. A particle of a silver halide in a photographic emulsion.
[L. granum]

grain (gr),

n 1. a unit of weight equal to 0.0648 g.
n 2. a crystal of an alloy.
grain boundary,
n the junction of two grains growing from different nuclei, impinging and causing discontinuity of the lattice structure. Important in corrosion and brittleness of metals.
grain growth,

grain

1. a seed, especially of a cereal plant; for best results in feeding the seed may be rolled, cracked, flaked (below).
2. the twentieth part of a scruple: 0.065 g; abbreviated gr. See also Table 4.2.
3. the texture and patterned appearance of the outside of leather.
4. the size and nature of the crystals of the fluorescent salt used in intensifying screens and also the size and nature of silver halide crystals used in photographic emulsion.

grain engorgement
flaked grain
grain that has been cooked and then rolled flat. The digestibility is greatly enhanced but the process is costly.
grain fumigants
substances used to fumigate silos full of grain to kill insect pests. Use of these agents other than as recommended by the makers may lead to poisoning. See also methyl bromide.
high-moisture grain
see moist grain storage.
grain itch mites
micronized grain
heated in a dry heat then rolled.
grain overload
popped grain
grain passed across a heated plate and popped like popcorn.
grain rash
grain itch mite dermatitis.
roasted grain
roasted in dry heat but not popped.
grain screenings
debris from a grain batch that is removed by passing it over a screen. Has some feeding value but this varies with the mix of contents.
grain sorghum
Sorghum bicolor (S. vulgare).
spent grain
grain used in brewing or liquor production that has been exhausted of its carbohydrate; includes brewer's grains, distiller's grains.
sprouted grain

Patient discussion about grain

Q. What and how much intake should I have 1. Vegetables, 2. Fruits and whole grain… I am 21 years old and would like to know that in order to get the required fiber per day what and how much intake should I have 1. Vegetables, 2. Fruits and whole grain…

A. actually men under 50 should have 38 grams a day of fiber. here is a nice article about fiber consuming and a list of foods that contain fiber and the amount of it:
http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/fiber/NU00033/METHOD=print

More discussions about grain
References in periodicals archive ?
Substituting whole grains such as barley, which contains 4 grams (g) of fiber per one-half cup, for refined grains such as white rice (1 g of fiber per one-half cup) can help to boost your fiber intake.
Despite the healthful attributes of whole grains, many people aren't reaping the benefits.
The more cooking time you need for a grain, that's a good indicator that it's probably a whole-grain product," Kirkpatrick says.
0 grains gives the Nosler 115-grain Ballistic Tip, Hornady 117-grain boattail softpoint or the Sierra 117-grain Spitzer boattail velocities right at 2,700 fps and all the accuracy required.
For example, the amount of titanium present in the spectrographic analysis can be used effectively as a quality control tool to verify that the grain refining process is consistent.
investment in biofuel production in response to runaway oil prices is spiraling out of control, threatening to draw grain away from the production of beef, pork, poultry, milk, and eggs.
And the "9 grams of whole grain per serving" in its Harvest Wheat Rising Crust Pizza may sound impressive.
Instead of lending farmers money to get them to keep their grain off the market, the government simply cut them a check for their excess grain, which freed them to sell the grain at whatever price they could gel on the open market.
The minerals form a crust between sand grains, holding them together even when water evaporates.
A wide variety of whole grain breads are now available.