gonadotroph


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gonadotroph

 [go-nad´o-trōf]
1. a type of basophil in the adenohypophysis whose granules secrete follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone.
2. a gonadotropic substance.

go·nad·o·troph

(gō-nad'ō-trōf, -gon'ă-dō-),
An endocrine cell of the adenohypophysis that releases hormones that affect certain cells of the ovary or testis.

gonadotroph

/go·nado·troph/ (-trōf)
1. a basophilic cell of the anterior pituitary specialized to secrete follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone.
2. a substance that stimulates the gonads.

go·nad·o·troph

(gō-nad'ō-trōf)
An endocrine cell of the adenohypophysis that affects some cells of the ovary or testis.

gonadotroph

gonadotrope.

gonadotrope, gonadotrop, gonadotroph

a basophilic cell of the anterior pituitary specialized to secrete follicle-stimulating hormone or luteinizing hormone.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although most clinicians intuitively link the effect of GnRH agonists and antagonist on LH levels to that of FSH, the regulation of these two hormones in the anterior pituitary gonadotroph cells by GnRH and other stimulus are very different.
21-23) Endogenous GnRH is released from the median eminence of the hypothalamus, binding to receptors on the gonadotroph, and facilitating the production and secretion of the gonadotropins luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) into the systemic circulation.
Gonadotroph tumors usually secrete their products inefficiently and in low concentrations and, thus, very rarely cause any clinical syndrome other than sellar mass effects (3), (4).
GnRH agonist may support the corpus luteum by stimulating the secretion of LH by pituitary gonadotroph cells, direct effect on the embryo or by acting directly on the endometrium through locally expressed GnRH receptors.
Growth hormone-producing adenomas are associated with acromegaly and/or gigantism, prolactin-producing adenomas cause hyperprolactinemia and its clinical sequela, adrenocorticotropin-producing adenomas are associated with Cushing or Nelson syndromes, thyrotropin-producing tumors are associated with disturbances of thyroid function, and rare clinically detectable gonadotroph adenomas usually result in hypogonadism.
In the new study, the researchers investigated by creating mice lacking insulin receptors only in the gonadotroph.
Hyperfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis in women with polycystic ovarian disease: indirect evidence for partial gonadotroph desensitization.
Ultrastructural studies on the anterior pituitary confirmed the he prolonged and profuse action of the superactive analogue on the gonadotroph.
Preservation of gonadotroph function resulting in subsequent pregnancy has most often been reported in the literature (4).
The gonadotroph cells of the pituitary secrete low amounts of hCG in men and women.
Effects of toxic levels of lead on gene regulation in the male axis: increase in messenger ribonucleic acids and intracellular stores of gonadotrophs within the central nervous system.
Effects of an indigenous contraceptive herbal formulation on gonadotrophs of the pituitary gland of the rat.