glyoxalase


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gly·ox·a·lase

(glī-oks'ă-lās),
An enzyme, lactoylglutathione lyase (g. I) or hydroxyacylglutathione hydrolase (g. II), in erythrocytes and other tissues that converts glyoxal and substituted glyoxals bound to glutathione into the corresponding free hydroxy acids (g. II) or glyoxals (g. I).

glyoxalase

(glē-ōk′să-lās)
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of methylglyoxal to lactic acid by the addition of water.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sopory SK (2008) Enhancing salt tolerance in a crop plant by overexpression of glyoxalase II.
Up-regulation of antioxidant and glyoxalase systems by exogenous glycinebetaine and proline in mung bean confer tolerance to cadmium stress.
Alzheimer's has previously been found to impair the ability of the brain to use the glyoxalase system.
DA also stopped a protective protein called glyoxalase I from safeguarding nerve cells.
It also increased the activity of an enzyme known as glyoxalase 1, which removes AGEs from the body.
Structurally, GSH is made up of a tripeptide, consisting of glutamic acid, cysteine and glycine residues, while functionally it participates in the detoxification of [alpha]-oxoaldehydes, the reduction of ribonucleotides to deoxyribonucleotides, the regulation of both protein and gene expression, through thiol: disulfide exchange reactions, (14) and as a component of the glyoxalase system, which functions in the control of cellular growth.
The volume opens with overview chapters on dehydration tolerance, salinity tolerance, cold stress acclimation, redox-dependent regulation and oxidative damage in plants subjected to abiotic stress, array platforms and bioinformatic tools for the analysis of plant transcriptome in response to stress, and metabolic engineering of glyoxalase pathways for enhancing stress tolerance in plants.
Hansen y Eriksen (58), encontraron ligamiento de HLA y GLO1 (del ingles Glyoxalase I) con un LOD score de 14.
First, we found that an increase in polarity of glyoxalase I in autism brains was reported and that glyoxalase system involves also lactoylglutathione.
Modification of the glyoxalase system in disease processes and prospects for therapeutic strategies.