glycyrrhizic acid


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glycyrrhizic acid

[glis′iriz′ik]
a sweet compound containing potassium and calcium salts derived from licorice root. It is used as an expectorant and as a flavoring for pharmaceutics. See also licorice.
References in periodicals archive ?
The uninfected cells showed no detrimental effects from glycyrrhizic acid, the researchers report in the March Journal of Clinical Investigation.
Glycyrrhizic acid inhibits influenza virus growth in embryonated eggs.
Using glycyrrhizic acid - the main sweet-tasting component of liquorice - they blocked the enzyme in mice predisposed to the disease.
Glycyrrhizic acid (GA) and 18[beta]-glycyrrhetinic acid (18[beta]GA) are bioactive compounds in licorice that have been used for thousands of years in traditional Chinese medicine to treat coughs.
The effect on testosterone is believed to relate to interference of the active agent glycyrrhizic acid with 17-beta hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, the enzyme that catalyses conversion of androstenedione to testosterone.
Glycyrrhizic acid (GA), a triterpenoid saponin glycoside from the roots and rhizomes of licorice is used in traditional and modern medicine for the treatment of numerous medical conditions including skin diseases and beauty care product.
A majority of the information presented on licorice is on its main constituent, glycyrrhizic acid, and its effect on the kidney to potentiate the secretion of potassium, which may raise blood pressure.
Intestsonmice, glycyrrhizic acid blocked an enzyme thought to be crucial in bowel cancer growth.
Combinations of the monoterpenes a-pinener thymol and menthol with the monodesmosidic saponins digitonin, aescin, glycyrrhizic acid and Quillaja saponin demonstrated strong synergistic activity.
A simple liquorice lip balm, which contains herpes virus-busting glycyrrhizic acid (GA), is reported to have cut outbreaks in half for 73 per cent of users.
Phytochemical investigation has demonstrated that major bioactive components of licorice root are flavonoids and penta-cyclic triterpene saponin, including isoliquiritigenin, glycyrrhizin, glabridin and glycyrrhizic acid (Kamei et al.
The downside is that liquorice contains glycyrrhizic acid, which is 50 times sweeter than sugar and which scientists in Germany have found can drain the body of essential minerals including zinc, magnesium and potassium.