glycolipid


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glycolipid

 [gli″ko-lip´id]
a lipid containing carbohydrate groups, usually galactose but also glucose, inositol, or others; the glycolipids include the cerebrosides.

gly·co·lip·id

(glī'kō-lip'id),
A lipid with one or more covalently attached sugars.

glycolipid

/gly·co·lip·id/ (gli″ko-lip´id) a lipid containing carbohydrate groups, usually galactose but also glucose, inositol, or others; while it can describe those lipids derived from either glycerol or sphingosine, with or without phosphates, the term is usually used to denote the sphingosine derivatives lacking phosphate groups (glycosphingolipids).

glycolipid

(glī′kə-lĭp′ĭd)
n.
A lipid that contains one or more carbohydrate groups.

glycolipid

[glī′kōlip′id]
Etymology: Gk, glykys, sweet, lipos, fat
a compound that consists of a lipid and a carbohydrate, usually galactose, found primarily in the tissue of the nervous system, especially the myelin sheath and the ganglion cells.

gly·co·lip·id

(glī'kō-lip'id)
A lipid with one or more covalently attached sugars.

glycolipid

any of a group of LIPIDS containing a carbohydrate.

glycolipid

a lipid containing carbohydrate groups, often galactose but also glucose, inositol or others; the glycolipids include the cerebrosides.
References in periodicals archive ?
The major classes of low mass surfactants include glycolipids, lipopeptides, lipoprotein and phospholipids, whereas high mass includes polymeric and particulate surfactants [34].
A selection of specific glycolipids that provide the best differentiation between the control and patient groups are shown in Fig.
Most white blood cells respond to foreign proteins to protect the body, but NKT cells are unique in that they respond to glycolipids, which are natural biochemicals made of linked fat and sugar.
Virulence of selected Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical isolates in the rabbit model of meningitis is dependent on phenolic glycolipid produced by the bacilli.
Urokinase-catalysed cleavage of the urokinase receptor requires an intact glycolipid anchor.
Sorting out their individual functions has been difficult and in some cases controversial as they share structural domains and generally have been tested outside the context of key components such as the major glycolipid lipohosphoglycan (LPG) and phosphoglycans (PGs); ether lipids, which constitute approximately 20% of the membrane lipids and most GPI anchors; and others.
Oxford's most advanced product, OGT 918, is in Phase I/II clinical trials in glycolipid storage diseases and the company also has drug discovery programs in oncology, inflammation, and infectious disease.
Seneb BioSciences is an early-stage biopharmaceutical company that develops glycolipid replacement therapies for neurodegenerative diseases.
Cleavage of the glycolipid anchor by a phospholipase [25], and proteolytic cleavage between domains 1 and 2 [27], are two known ways in which release of soluble receptor forms may occur.
Self-Assembling Properties of Glycolipid Biosurfactants and Their Functional Developments
The recently discovered CD1 system operates much like the major histocompatibility complex system in stimulating T cells, but does so by presenting lipid and glycolipid antigens that activate special T cell populations.
The data suggest that alterations in the levels of GM1, an important glycolipid component of the cell membrane in T cells, may serve as a biomarker for the disease, thereby potentially reducing the need for more invasive procedures, such as liver biopsy, to make a definitive diagnosis.