betaine

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betaine

 [be´tah-ēn]
the carboxylic acid derived by oxidation of choline; it acts as a transmethylating metabolic intermediate and is used in the treatment of homocystinuria. The hydrochloride salt is used as a gastric acidifier.

be·ta·ine

(bē'tă-īn), Avoid the mispronunciation bē'tān.
1. An oxidation product of choline and a transmethylating intermediate in metabolism.
2. A class of compounds related to betaine. (1) (that is, R3N+-CHR'-COO-), for example, glycine betaine.
Synonym(s): glycine betaine

betaine

/be·ta·ine/ (be´tah-ēn) the carboxylic acid derived by oxidation of choline; it acts as a transmethylating metabolic intermediate and is used in the treatment of homocystinuria. The hydrochloride salt is used as a gastric acidifier.

betaine

(bē′tə-ēn′, -ĭn)
n.
1. A sweet-tasting crystalline alkaloid, C5H11NO2, found in sugar beets and other plants, used to treat certain metabolic disorders, especially an enzyme defect that causes excessive levels of homocysteine in the blood and urine.
2. Any of several alkaloids with similar structures.

be·ta·ine

(bā'tă-ēn)
An oxidation product of choline and a transmethylating intermediate in metabolism.

betaine

the carboxylic acid derived by oxidation of choline; it acts as a transmethylating metabolic intermediate.
References in periodicals archive ?
Glycine betaine involvement in freezing tolerance and water stress in Arabidopsis thaliana.
of belly and picnic shoulder were significantly higher in dietary glycine betaine groups than control group, whereas 0.
WHC of all muscle samples were significantly higher in control group than glycine betaine groups until 5 days of storage.
Sarcomere length was significantly longer in control group than glycine betaine groups.
However, dietary glycine betaine had no significant influence on TBARS value in all muscle samples.
Dietary glycine betaine increased the ratio of SFA and decreased USFA in all samples.