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an enzyme that catalyzes the reaction of l-glutamate, ammonia, and ATP to glutamine, ADP, and orthophosphate; one of the few known mammalian enzymes that uses ammonium ion as a substrate under physiologic conditions.
GLULAn intronless gene on chromosome 1q31 that encodes a glutamine synthetase, which catalyses the synthesis of glutamine from glutamate and ammonia. Glutamine is a key source of energy and is involved in cell proliferation, inhibition of apoptosis, and cell signalling. GLUL is expressed during early foetal stages, and plays an important role in controlling pH by removing ammonia from circulation.
GLUL mutations are associated with congenital glutamine deficiency.
Gln; an amide of glutamic acid, an amino acid occurring in proteins; it is an important carrier of ammonia to the kidney where it is released by glutaminase.
enzyme catalyzing the synthesis of the amino acid, glutamine from glutamate ammonia and ATP. Major means of detoxifying ammonia from amino acid catabolism in peripheral tissues and then transporting the ammonia as the amido-N in glutamine to the liver of kidney.