glutamic acid


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glutamic acid

 [gloo-tam´ik]
a dibasic amino acid, one of the nonessential amino acids; it is also an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. Its hydrochloride salt is used as a gastric acidifier. See also monosodium glutamate.

glu·tam·ic ac·id (E, Glu),

(glū-tam'ik as'id),
An amino acid; the sodium salt is monosodium glutamate. Compare: glutamate.

glutamic acid

/glu·tam·ic ac·id/ (gloo-tam´ik) a dibasic, nonessential amino acid widely distributed in proteins, a neurotransmitter that inhibits neural excitation in the central nervous system; its hydrochloride salt is used as a gastric acidifier. Symbols Glu and E.

glutamic acid

(glo͞o-tăm′ĭk)
n.
A nonessential amino acid, C5H9NO4, occurring widely in plant and animal tissue and proteins, and having monosodium glutamate as a salt.

glutamic acid (Glu)

[glo̅o̅tam′ik]
Etymology: L, gluten, glue, amine, ammonia; acidus, sour
a nonessential amino acid that occurs widely in a number of proteins. Preparations of glutamic acid are used as aids for digestion. See also amino acid, protein.
enlarge picture
Chemical structure of glutamic acid

glu·tam·ic ac·id

(E) (glū-tam'ik as'id)
An amino acid that occurs in proteins; the sodium salt is monosodium glutamate.
Compare: glutamate

glutamic acid

Glutamate, an AMINO ACID present in most proteins. One of its salts, MONOSODIUM GLUTAMATE, is widely used as a seasoning and flavouring agent and has been suspected as the cause of the CHINESE RESTAURANT SYNDROME.
Glutamic acidclick for a larger image
Fig. 172 Glutamic acid . Molecular structure.

glutamic acid (E, Glu)

one of 20 AMINO ACIDS common in proteins that has an extra carboxyl group and is acidic in solution. See Fig. 172 . The ISOELECTRIC POINT of glutamic acid is 3.2.

glu·tam·ic acid

(glū-tam'ik as'id)
An amino acid; the sodium salt is monosodium glutamate.

glutamic acid,

n a nonessential amino acid occurring widely in a number of proteins. Preparations of glutamic acid are used as aids for digestion.

glutamic acid

a dibasic nonessential amino acid occurring in proteins. It is also an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. Its hydrochloride salt is used as a gastric acidifier. The monosodium salt (sodium glutamate; SMG) is used in treating encephalopathies associated with hepatic disease, and to enhance the flavor of foods and tobacco.
References in periodicals archive ?
The observation of lower amounts of 2-ketoglutarate and glutamic acid in the D-2-HGA cell culture media is a starting point for the continuing research to this rare organic aciduria.
Titre and combination of ICA and autoantibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase disciminate two clinically distinct types of latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA).
If you experience symptoms when you eat foods that contain MSG, you may decide to also avoid foods containing autolyzed yeast extract because the free glutamic acid in this product can be easily converted into MSG.
Five amino acids made in spark-tube experiments and found within meteorites--glycine, alanine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid and valine--appear to be related.
It also claims to be the largest MSG and glutamic acid manufacturer as well as the third largest xanthan gum producer in the world.
Find the sixth amino acid, glutamic acid (e), in the two beta-chains (lines B and D).
However, glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) gene therapy is not the only type of gene therapy under investigation for Parkinson's disease.
Alanine, arginine, cysteine, glutamic acid, lysine, serine, and threonine contents did not differ among the four QGs in loin and rump.
Research has found that the veg contains an amino acid called glutamic acid that links directly with lowering blood pressure.
Recent research has found that the veg contains an amino acid called glutamic acid that links directly with lowering blood pressure.
No one has ever observed hydrogen atoms in a glycoside hydrolase enzyme, and until now we did not know how the catalytic glutamic acid residue is protonated, said Kovalevsky.

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