glutamic acid


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to glutamic acid: glutamine

glutamic acid

 [gloo-tam´ik]
a dibasic amino acid, one of the nonessential amino acids; it is also an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. Its hydrochloride salt is used as a gastric acidifier. See also monosodium glutamate.

glu·tam·ic ac·id (E, Glu),

(glū-tam'ik as'id),
An amino acid; the sodium salt is monosodium glutamate. Compare: glutamate.

glutamic acid

/glu·tam·ic ac·id/ (gloo-tam´ik) a dibasic, nonessential amino acid widely distributed in proteins, a neurotransmitter that inhibits neural excitation in the central nervous system; its hydrochloride salt is used as a gastric acidifier. Symbols Glu and E.

glutamic acid

(glo͞o-tăm′ĭk)
n.
A nonessential amino acid, C5H9NO4, occurring widely in plant and animal tissue and proteins, and having monosodium glutamate as a salt.

glutamic acid (Glu)

[glo̅o̅tam′ik]
Etymology: L, gluten, glue, amine, ammonia; acidus, sour
a nonessential amino acid that occurs widely in a number of proteins. Preparations of glutamic acid are used as aids for digestion. See also amino acid, protein.
enlarge picture
Chemical structure of glutamic acid

glu·tam·ic ac·id

(E) (glū-tam'ik as'id)
An amino acid that occurs in proteins; the sodium salt is monosodium glutamate.
Compare: glutamate

glutamic acid

Glutamate, an AMINO ACID present in most proteins. One of its salts, MONOSODIUM GLUTAMATE, is widely used as a seasoning and flavouring agent and has been suspected as the cause of the CHINESE RESTAURANT SYNDROME.
Glutamic acidclick for a larger image
Fig. 172 Glutamic acid . Molecular structure.

glutamic acid (E, Glu)

one of 20 AMINO ACIDS common in proteins that has an extra carboxyl group and is acidic in solution. See Fig. 172 . The ISOELECTRIC POINT of glutamic acid is 3.2.

glu·tam·ic acid

(glū-tam'ik as'id)
An amino acid; the sodium salt is monosodium glutamate.

glutamic acid,

n a nonessential amino acid occurring widely in a number of proteins. Preparations of glutamic acid are used as aids for digestion.

glutamic acid

a dibasic nonessential amino acid occurring in proteins. It is also an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. Its hydrochloride salt is used as a gastric acidifier. The monosodium salt (sodium glutamate; SMG) is used in treating encephalopathies associated with hepatic disease, and to enhance the flavor of foods and tobacco.
References in periodicals archive ?
Optimization of glutamic acid production from cassava starch factory residues using Brevibacterium divaricatum.
1 Autoimmune DM is characterised by the presence of one or more islet-specific autoantibodies, including islet cell autoantibodies (ICA), insulin (IAA) and autoantibodies directed against the three major islet autoantigens - glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 (GADA), protein tyrosine phosphatase IA-2A and its isoform IA-2b/phogrin (IA-2bA).
Spectrum of neurological syndromes associated with glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies: diagnostic clues for this association.
Most importantly it has non immunogenic reactions, probably linked to the degradation of poly- g-glutamic acid into glutamic acid residues [46].
Previously, Dargent-Molina et al, (24) showed no association between protein intake and BMD among postmenopausal women, which is in line with our findings on long bones and our results on intakes of alanine, arginine, aspartic acid and glutamic acid.
There are no results in the literature with glutamic acid supplemented in diets with protein reduction involving commercial layers.
Strain NCCP-54T contained alanine, glutamic acid, lysine and aspartic acid as diagnostic amino acids incell wall peptidoglycans.
In literature the PGA-producing strains are reported to be of two types, either glutamic acid-dependent or independent but ones which are glutamic acid independent PGA producers are adversely affected if glutamic acid or other related components are present in medium [9,10].
Supplementation with both cystine and glutamic acid increases the synthesis of glutathione (GSH), which has a marked effect on immune cell function, as compared with supplementation with either amino acid alone in human macrophages in vitro.
19] were the first to associate SPS with antibodies against the enzyme glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD).

Full browser ?