glucose metabolism


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glucose metabolism,

n the process by which simple sugars found in many foods are processed and used to produce energy in the form of ATP. Once consumed, glucose is absorbed by the intestines and into the blood. Extra glucose is stored in the muscles and liver as glycogen. When needed, it is hydrolyzed to glucose and released into the blood.
References in periodicals archive ?
Likewise, they wanted to know what, if any, harms could arise from screening for abnormal glucose metabolism.
In patients treated with DBSf, glucose metabolism, a biomarker for neuronal degeneration and disease progression, increased by 22% on average at 12 months while the placebo group declined by 1.
Moreover, stem cell transplantation combined with currently available antidiabetic drugs resulted in rapid weight loss in the mice and more significant improvements in glucose metabolism compared with either treatment alone.
Other reasons why HIV patients may have an increased risk of diabetes are other infections: Hepatitis C infection is associated with abnormal glucose metabolism, and this may contribute to diabetes in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients.
It was surprising to me, the effect of a relatively short course of birth control pills on glucose metabolism and metabolic syndrome.
When glucose metabolism is impaired, high blood glucose levels--a hallmark of diabetes--can result.
Adamson and Kohio showed that influenza A infection can be controlled in laboratory cultures of mammalian cells by altering glucose metabolism.
1739) investigated mechanisms by which AhR activation affects glucose metabolism by examining glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-[alpha] (PPAR-[alpha]) and genes affecting glucose metabolism or fatty acid oxidation, and clock gene rhythms in wild type (WT) and AhR-deficient [knockout (KO)] mice.
They found that when compared to study participants with no cellphone exposure, 50-minute cellphone exposure was linked to increased brain glucose metabolism in the brain region closest to the antenna.
In healthy participants, 50-minute cell phone exposure was associated with increased brain glucose metabolism in the region closest to the antenna.
In a preliminary study, researchers have found that 50-minute mobile phone use was associated with increased brain glucose metabolism (a marker of brain activity) in the region closest to the phone antenna, but the finding is of unknown clinical significance, according to a study in the February 23 issue of JAMA , the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Coverage encompasses the history of the disease, physiology of glucose metabolism, diagnosis and epidemiology, genes, complications, therapy, and resources for patients.