glucose intolerance


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Related to glucose intolerance: Gluten intolerance, Impaired glucose tolerance

intolerance

 [in-tol´er-ans]
inability to withstand or consume; inability to absorb or metabolize nutrients.
activity intolerance a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as a state in which a person has insufficient physiological or psychological energy to endure or complete necessary or desired daily activities. Causes include generalized weakness, sedentary lifestyle, imbalance between oxygen supply and demand, and bed rest or immobility. Defining characteristics include verbal report of fatigue or weakness, abnormal heart rate or blood pressure response to activity, exertional discomfort, and dyspnea.
carbohydrate intolerance inability to properly metabolize one or more carbohydrate(s), such as glucose, fructose, or one of the disaccharides.
disaccharide intolerance inability to properly metabolize one or more disaccharide(s), usually due to deficiency of the corresponding disaccharidase(s), although it may have other causes such as impaired absorption. After ingestion of the disaccharide there may be abdominal symptoms such as diarrhea, flatulence, borborygmus, distention, and pain. One common type is lactose intolerance.
drug intolerance the state of reacting to the normal pharmacologic doses of a drug with the symptoms of overdosage.
exercise intolerance limitation of ability to perform work or exercise at normally accepted levels, as measured in exercise testing.
glucose intolerance inability to properly metabolize glucose, a type of carbohydrate intolerance; see diabetes mellitus.
lactose intolerance a disaccharide intolerance specific for lactose, usually due to an inherited deficiency of lactase activity in the intestinal mucosa.
risk for activity intolerance a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as the state in which an individual is at risk of having insufficient physiological or psychological energy to endure or complete required daily activities. See also activity intolerance.
Patient Care. Nursing activities and interventions are aimed at identifying those factors that contribute to activity intolerance, providing evidence of the patient's progress to the higher level of activity possible for the patient, and reducing signs of physiologic intolerance to increased activity (blood pressure and respiratory and pulse rates). Once the contributing factors are identified, plans are made to avoid or minimize them. For example, if inadequate sleep or rest periods are a factor, the nurse plans with the patient scheduled periods of uninterrupted rest during the day. Inadequate sleep at night should be assessed and appropriate interventions planned and implemented. Making an objective record of the patient's progress toward increased activity tolerance can help alleviate depression or lack of incentive, both of which can be contributing factors. Such assessment data could include measurements of blood pressure, pulse, and respiratory rates before and after an activity, gradual increase in the distance walked, and gradual resumption of responsibility for activities of daily living.

glucose intolerance

inability to properly metabolize glucose, a type of carbohydrate intolerance. See also diabetes mellitus, glucose tolerance test.

glu·cose in·tol·er·ance

(glūkōs in-tolĕr-ăns)
Sometimes called "prediabetes," usually diagnosed by measuring fasting blood sugar levels.
References in periodicals archive ?
The main findings of this study were that, in Asian Indians adiponectin levels were lower in subjects with NAFLD than those without; adiponectin levels were inversely related to the degree of steatosis in NAFLD, with the lowest levels in more severe forms of steatosis; adiponectin levels were lower in subjects with NAFLD irrespective of the severity of glucose intolerance; and hypoadiponectinaemia was independently associated with NAFLD even after adjusting for age, gender, BMI, insulin resistance and glucose intolerance.
The team found that the people whose sleep was interrupted most frequently at night--15 times or more each hour--were most likely to show glucose intolerance and impaired insulin function.
GlobalData's clinical trial report, Glucose Intolerance Global Clinical Trials Review, H2, 2011 provides data on the Glucose Intolerance clinical trial scenario.
5,6 A survey conducted in 2007 among Pakistani adults revealed an overall prevalence of glucose intolerance in 22% in urban and17.
Also included in the October issue of Diabetes Care is a joint scientific statement from the American Diabetes Association, JDRF, and the Endocrine Society, which proposes a new classification system that outlines three progressive stages of type 1 diabetes, beginning with an asymptomatic stage of beta-cell autoimmunity, leading to a gradual progression to glucose intolerance, and ultimately, symptomatic disease, according to the authors (Diabetes Care.
The prevalence of GDM increased with multigravidae and this shows that the severity of glucose intolerance increases with gravidity and glucose intolerance which may not manifest in index pregnancy may manifest later (Table no 7).
In this study we investigated prospectively the incidence of GDM and GIGT in Chinese pregnant women and analyzed insulin resistance as well as insulin secretion indexes and blood lipid correlations with glucose intolerance during pregnancy.
We should worry about insulin resistance even if the glucose and hemoglobin Mc are normal, because eventually insulin resistance will progress to glucose intolerance and, perhaps, diabetes.
According to the research, an embryo that managed to survive despite poor quality seminal fluid was likely to develop into a person who would be prone to disorders including obesity, high blood pressure and glucose intolerance.
GDM is a controversial clinical entity [10], represents progressive changes in glucose intolerance, either first onset or discovered during pregnancy, regardless of whether insulin or only diet modification is used for treatment or whether the condition persists after pregnancy.
Dongsheng Cai, MD, PhD, and his colleagues at Yeshiva University evaluated inflammatory changes in the hypothalamus that have been associated with metabolic syndrome, a cluster of symptoms including glucose intolerance and central obesity.
The risks associated with low levels of vitamin D are too alarming: increased risk of various cancers, cardiovascular disease, dementia, diabetes, glucose intolerance, and auto immune diseases to name a few.