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glucoseBiochemistry The hexose sugar that is the main source of energy in mammals. See Random glucose.
glucoseGrape or corn sugar. Glucose is a simple monosaccharide sugar present in the blood as the basic fuel of the body. Glucose is essential for life; a severe drop in the blood levels rapidly leads to coma and death. It is stored in the liver and the muscles in a polymerized form called GLYCOGEN. It is derived from carbohydrates in the diet, but in conditions of shortage can be synthesized from fats or proteins. The sugar is on the WHO official drug list.
dextrosean important hexose sugar with an ALDOSE structure that occurs in two forms, alpha and beta; it has the general formula C6 H12 O6 and is found in sweet fruits, especially ripe grapes. Glucose is formed in the CALVIN CYCLE of PHOTOSYNTHESIS and acts as a primary energy supply for both plant and animal cells, although usually it is converted to an insoluble form for long-term storage: STARCH in plants, GLYCOGEN in animals. see MONOSACCHARIDE for structure.
glucosea hexose (monosaccharide) found in certain foods, and in the circulating blood and cells of all animals; of major importance as a source of energy in all tissues, and essential for some. Ingestion of carbohydrates provides glucose for replenishment and for accumulation of liver and muscle glycogen. When there is overconsumption of carbohydrate, excess glucose is used in the formation of triglycerides which are stored in adipose tissue. Glucose metabolism is mainly controlled by the hormones insulin and glucagon. The glucocorticoid hormones from the adrenal cortex and growth hormone from the anterior pituitary are also involved. See also blood glucose.
glucoseproduct of complete hydrolysis of cellulose, starch and glycogen; principal cellular energy source; free glucose occurs in blood and urine of patients with uncontrolled/poorly controlled diabetes mellitus
P. notatum and other fungi. It is antibacterial in the presence of glucose and oxygen.
Patient discussion about glucose
Q. What difference does fructose makes to a diabetic with respect to glucose? I am diabetic with type 2 NIDDM. My colleague with the same NIDDM type2 has a better glycemic control than me. He follows strict diet. He prefers fructose sugar and avoids other sugar as much as possible. He suggested me the same. What difference does fructose makes to a diabetic with respect to glucose?
Q. When will I have the Glucose Tolerance Test? I am pregnant and wanted to know when I need to have the Glucose Tolerance Test and what is the test like.
Q. What Do my Oral Glucose Tolerance Test Results Mean? I had an Oral Glucose Tolerance Test last week. I am 26 weeks pregnant. The results I got are 132 mg/dL. What does this mean?