glossopharyngeal


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Related to glossopharyngeal: glossopharyngeal breathing, glossopharyngeal neuralgia

glossopharyngeal

 [glos″o-fah-rin´je-al]
pertaining to the tongue and pharynx.
glossopharyngeal nerve the ninth cranial nerve; it supplies the carotid sinus, mucous membrane, and muscles of the pharynx, soft palate, and posterior third of the tongue, and the taste buds in the posterior third of the tongue. By serving the carotid sinus, the glossopharyngeal nerve provides for reflex control of the heart. It is also responsible for the swallowing reflex, for stimulating secretions of the parotid glands, and for the sense of taste in the posterior third of the tongue. See also anatomic Table of Nerves in the Appendices.

glos·so·pha·ryn·ge·al

(glos'ō-fă-rin'jē-ăl), Avoid the mispronunciation glossopharynge'al.
Relating to the tongue and pharynx.
See also: glossopharyngeal nerve [CN IX].

glossopharyngeal

/glos·so·pha·ryn·ge·al/ (-fah-rin´je-al) pertaining to the tongue and pharynx.

glossopharyngeal

[glos′ōfərin′jē·əl]
Etymology: Gk, glossa + pharynx, throat
pertaining to the tongue and pharynx. See also glossopharyngeal nerve.

glos·so·pha·ryn·ge·al

(glos'ō-făr-in'jē-ăl)
Relating to the tongue and the pharynx.

glossopharyngeal

pertaining to the tongue and pharynx.

glossopharyngeal nerve
the ninth cranial nerve; it supplies the carotid sinus, mucous membrane, muscles of the pharynx, soft palate and caudal part of the tongue, and the taste buds in the caudal part of the tongue. By serving the carotid sinus, the glossopharyngeal nerve provides for reflex control of the heart. It is also responsible for the swallowing reflex, for stimulating secretions of the parotid glands, and for the sense of taste in the caudal part of the tongue. Lesions of the nerve cause dysphagia or inability to swallow, regurgitation through the nostrils and sometimes abnormality of the voice and interference with respiration. See also Table 14.
References in periodicals archive ?
The glossopharyngeal nerve root at its entry into the osseous canal of the jugular foramen was targeted.
The palatoglossal flap provides necessary protection of those structures located within and just beyond the parapharyngeal fat, most importantly including the glossopharyngeal nerve and carotid artery.
Autonomic dysfunction, in particular, the glossopharyngeal nerve which is the primary afferent neural pathway of the carotid body, could have caused a reduced ventilatory response to carbon dioxide and hypoxia.
The Company holds the rights to numerous device patents covering the generator and electrode and method patents covering the application of a pulsed electrical signal to the vagus, trigeminal and glossopharyngeal nerves for the treatment of a variety of disorders including epilepsy, depression, Alzheimer's Disease, anxiety, headache and pain, eating disorders and congestive heart failure.
A patient with glossopharyngeal neuralgia uses the internet to communicate with others across the world with the same rare problem.
10) Taste recovery may also occur because of compensation from other nerves, with the glossopharyngeal nerve maintaining constancy across areas of lost chorda tympani innervations.
One intriguing possibility is that when our patient was upright, crowding of the craniocervical junction by the cerebellar tonsils compressed the medulla and resulted in dysfunction of the glossopharyngeal nerves.
The afferent side of the reflex arises from mechanoreceptors in the larynx and pharynx (8), mediated through the superior laryngeal, glossopharyngeal and lingual nerves.
Among the array of cranial nerve disorders that he and his colleagues will treat at the new AGH Center include trigeminal neuralgia and glossopharyngeal neuralgia, conditions of chronic facial pain; hemifacial spasm, a progressively severe twitching of the facial muscles; Meniere's disease/vertigo -- or chronic dizziness; tinnitus -- or chronic ringing of the ears; and spasmodic torticollis, a condition in which the muscles that control the head, neck and shoulders go into severe spasms.
Neuralgia of the glossopharyngeal nerve is a rare entity, with an estimated incidence of 0.
Related conditions effectively treated as a result of Jannetta's innovation include hemifacial spasm and glossopharyngeal neuralgia, a disorder of the ninth cranial nerve that interferes with a patient's ability to taste and may cause chronic pain of tongue and throat.
From there it passes posterior to the glossopharyngeal nerve and lateral to the thyroid and then into the mediastinum.