glioma

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Related to gliomas: meningiomas

glioma

 [gli-o´mah]
a tumor composed of neuroglia in any of its states of development; sometimes extended to include all intrinsic neoplasms of the brain and spinal cord, such as astrocytomas, ependymomas, and so on. Called also neuroglioma and neurospongioma. adj., adj glio´matous.
glioma re´tinae retinoblastoma.

gli·o·ma

(glī-ō'mă),
Any neoplasm derived from one of the various types of cells that form the interstitial tissue of the brain, spinal cord, pineal gland, posterior pituitary gland, and retina.
[G. glia, glue, + -oma, tumor]

glioma

/gli·o·ma/ (gli-o´mah) a tumor composed of neuroglia in any of its states of development; sometimes extended to include all intrinsic neoplasms of the brain and spinal cord, as astrocytomas, ependymomas, etc.glio´matous
glioma re´tinae  retinoblastoma.

glioma

(glē-ō′mə, glī-)
n. pl. glio·mas or glio·mata (-mə-tə)
A tumor originating in the neuroglia of the brain or spinal cord.

glioma

[glī·ō′mə] pl. gliomas, gliomata
Etymology: Gk, glia + oma, tumor
any of the largest group of primary tumors of the brain, composed of malignant glial cells. Kinds of gliomas are astrocytoma, ependymoma, glioblastoma multiforme, medulloblastoma, and oligodendroglioma.

glioma

noun A tumour of glial cells of the brain.

Pronunciation:
Medspeak-UK: pronounced, GLAI oh ma
Medspeak-US: pronounced, GLEE oh ma

glioma

Neurology A tumor of the brain and spinal cord arising from glial/support cells. See Brainstem glioma, Glioblastoma, Mixed glioma, Oligodendroglioma, Optic glioma, Pseudoglioma.

gli·o·ma

(glī-ō'mă)
Any neoplasm derived from one of the various types of cells that form the interstitial tissue of the brain, spinal cord, pineal gland, posterior pituitary gland, and retina.
[G. glia, glue, + -oma, tumor]

glioma

A tumour of the binding (glial) tissue of the brain-the neurological connective tissue. Gliomas are the commonest kind of brain tumour. They vary widely in malignancy and rate of growth. Depending on the type of glial tissue involved, or on their structural characteristics, gliomas may be called astrocytomas, glioblastomas, oligodendrogliomas, ependymomas and medulloblastomas.

gli·o·ma

(glī-ō'mă)
Neoplasm derived from cells that form interstitial tissue of the brain, spinal cord, pineal gland, posterior pituitary gland, and retina.
[G. glia, glue, + -oma, tumor]

glioma (glē´ōmə),

n the largest group of primary tumors of the brain, composed of malignant glial cells.

glioma

a tumor composed of neuroglia in any of its states of development; sometimes extended to include all intrinsic neoplasms of the brain and spinal cord, such as astrocytoma, ependymoma, mixed glioma, etc.

glioma retinae
References in periodicals archive ?
Heterogeneity is a very important hallmark of high-grade gliomas as well as the trickiest problem in glioma management.
Different types of gliomas studied were glioblastoma multiformes (GBM) 64.
This recent work builds on previous QCRI research published in the journal Cell in 2016 that developed algorithms which identified the different subtypes of glioma based on their aggressiveness.
In the following discussion we will highlight those IGs typically arising in the adult and will exclude the category of diffuse midline gliomas that harbor distinct entity-defining alterations from those considered here.
Schwartzbaum and her collaborators evaluated blood sugar and diabetes data and its relationship to subsequent development of brain cancer and found that those with elevated blood sugar and diabetes had a lower risk of developing glioma.
Monjes team identified several chemicals released by brain cells in response to neural activity that cause high-grade gliomas to grow.
Conventional therapeutic approaches for GBM, including surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy, target the tumor bulk, but have limited effect on the glioma cancer stem cells (CSCs), which are responsible for the recurrence of disease that occurs in most of the GBM patients.
Low-grade gliomas (LGG), 40% consists of all glial tumors.
sup][7] However, its role in deciding the pathological grading and survival of human gliomas has not been addressed.
Dr Elizabeth Stoll, from the University's Institute of Neuroscience, said: "Patients with malignant glioma currently receive a poor prognosis, and new interventions are desperately needed to increase the survival and quality of life for patients with the condition.
High levels of disposable income were associated with a 14% heightened risk of glioma among men, but had no bearing on the risk of either meningioma or acoustic neuroma--a type of non-cancerous brain tumor that grows on the nerve used for hearing and balance.
INTRODUCTION: Nasal gliomas are rare, benign, congenital masses more accurately referred as sequestered glial tissue,(1) three types of clinical presentation have been recognized.